hózhǫ́

See also: hózhó

Contents

NavajoEdit

EtymologyEdit

ho-(space, area, things) + -◌́- (ni-modal 3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø-(classifier) + -zhǫ́ (neuter imperfective stem of root -ZHǪǪD, “to be nice, peaceful, beautiful”).

The high-tone comes from the ni- deletion characteristic of the ni-imperfective. See niteel, nineez for similar examples.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hózhǫ́

  1. (impersonal) it is beautiful, peaceful, harmonious, nice
    Bił hózhǫ́.
    With him, things are beautiful. → He is happy.
    Baa shił hózhǫ́.
    About it, with me, things are beautiful. → I am happy about it (that it is done well in terms of quality).

ConjugationEdit

Paradigm: Neuter imperfective (ni), third person only.

In other modes, hózhǫ́ is suppleted by the active verb hoozhǫǫh (momentaneous Ø/yi), reproduced here for reference.

3rd person singular
IMPERFECTIVE hoozhǫǫh
PERFECTIVE hóózhǫǫd
FUTURE hodoozhǫǫł
ITERATIVE náhoojǫh
OPTATIVE hózhǫh

NounEdit

hózhǫ́

  1. (nominalization of the verb) beauty and harmony, peace, balance, happiness and contentment, wholeness, goodness
    Hózhǫ́ náhásdlį́į́ʼ
    it has become beauty again; beauty is restored.

AdverbEdit

hózhǫ́

  1. well
  2. very, extremely
  3. very much

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit