Contents

NavajoEdit

EtymologyEdit

ni-(modal) + -Ø-(3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø-(classifier) + -zhǫ́ (neuter absolute stem of root -ZHǪǪD, “to be nice, beautiful”) + (nominalizing suffix), resulting noun later repurposed as a verb.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

nizhóní

  1. it/he/she is pretty, beautiful
  2. it/he/she is clean, good, nice, fine, neat

Usage notesEdit

This is a neuter verb. As such, it has only the imperfective stem.

ConjugationEdit

Paradigm: Neuter absolute (ni), with some irregularities.

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person nishzhóní niijóní, niilzhóní daniijóní
2nd person nízhóní nohzhóní danohzhóní
3rd person nizhóní danizhóní
4th person jízhóní dajízhóní
Unspecified ízhóní Passive A Passive B
Spatial hózhóní

First person appears as nishzhóní instead of the expected nishshóní if null classifier is assumed.

Related termsEdit