Icelandic Edit

Pronunciation Edit

Etymology 1 Edit

From the Old Norse hrífa (rake), cognate with Danish rive. From the following verb.

Noun Edit

hrífa f (genitive singular hrífu, nominative plural hrífur)

  1. rake
Declension Edit

Etymology 2 Edit

From the Old Norse hrífa (to grip, snatch), from Proto-Germanic *hrībaną (to grip, snatch), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ- (to scratch). Has become conflated with Proto-Germanic *rīfaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reyp- (to tear), in each subsequent daughter language, cf. Old English gehrīfnian (to become fierce, rapacious) and Old Frisian hrīva (to tear). Ultimately the sense is 'to make an impression on'.

Verb Edit

hrífa (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative hreif, third-person plural past indicative hrifu, supine hrifið)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, with accusative) to enchant, to carry away, to move somebody
  2. (intransitive) to become effective, to take effect
    Lyfið hreif mjög fljótt.
    The drug took effect very quickly.
Conjugation Edit
Derived terms Edit