EnglishEdit

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Wooden rake
Heavy duty rake

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old English raca, from Proto-Germanic *rakaz

NounEdit

rake (plural rakes)

  1. A garden tool with a row of pointed teeth fixed to a long handle, used for collecting grass or debris, or for loosening soil.
  2. (Ireland, slang) a lot, plenty.
    Jim has had a rake of trouble with his new car.
  3. (geology) the direction of slip during fault movement. The rake is measured within the fault plane.
  4. (roofing) the sloped edge of a roof at or adjacent to the first or last rafter.
  5. (rail transport) a set of coupled rail vehicles, normally coaches or wagons.
    The train was formed of a locomotive and a rake of six coaches
  6. (cellular automata) A puffer that emits a stream of spaceships rather than a trail of debris.
  7. The scaled commission fee taken by a cardroom operating a poker game.
  8. A toothed machine drawn by a horse, used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.
  9. (mining) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rake (third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. To use a rake on (leaves, debris, soil, a lawn, etc) in order to loosen, gather together, or remove debris from.
    We raked all the leaves into a pile
  2. To search thoroughly.
    Detectives appeared, roped the curious people out of the grounds, and raked the place for clews. -- Captain John Blaine
    • Dryden
      raking in Chaucer for antiquated words
    • Jonathan Swift
      The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.
  3. To spray with gunfire.
    the enemy machine guns raked the roadway
  4. To claw at; to scratch.
    Her sharp fingernails raked the side of my face.
    • Wordsworth
      like clouds that rake the mountain summits
  5. To gather, especially quickly (often as rake in)
    The casino is just raking in the cash; it's like a license to print money.
  6. (intransitive) To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      Pas could not stay, but over him did rake.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English raken, from Old English racian (to direct, rule, govern, control; take a course or direction, go forward, move, run; hasten), from Proto-Germanic *rakōną (to choose a direction, run), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (to straighten, direct). Cognate with Dutch raken (to hit, touch, reach).

VerbEdit

rake (third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. (intransitive) To proceed rapidly; to move swiftly.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To guide; to direct
  3. (intransitive) To incline from a perpendicular direction.
    A mast rakes aft.

Etymology 3Edit

Shortening of rakehell, possibly from rake (etymology 2) (to proceed rapidly)

NounEdit

rake (plural rakes)

  1. A man habituated to immoral conduct.
    We now have rakes in the habit of Roman senators, and grave politicians in the dress of Rakes. — the Spectator
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rake (third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. (UK, dialect, dated) To walk about; to gad or ramble idly.
  2. (UK, dialect, dated) To act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shenstone to this entry?)

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English, from Old Norse rák (trail), from Proto-Germanic *rēkō, *raką, *rakō, *rakǭ (file of tracks, line), from Proto-Indo-European *(o)reg'-, *(o)reg'a- (to straighten, direct). Cognate with Icelandic rák (streak, grazing), Icelandic raka (strip, series), Norwegian røk (grazing), Norwegian rak (wick), Old English race, racu (a run, riverbed).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

rake (plural rakes)

  1. (provincial, Northern England) a course; direction; stretch.
  2. (provincial, Northern England, for animals) a range, stray.
    a sheep-raik = a sheep-walk

VerbEdit

rake (third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. (provincial, Northern England) To run or rove.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rake

  1. Inflected form of raak

VerbEdit

rake

  1. singular present subjunctive of raken

HausaEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: rà‧kē

NounEdit

rake m

  1. (botany) sugarcane

SwedishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rake

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of rak.
Last modified on 3 April 2014, at 06:15