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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *jagjūnos, from Proto-Indo-European *Hyeh₂ǵ-yu-, adjectival form of *Hyeh₂ǵ- (to sacrifice). Cognates include Sanskrit यजति (yájati, he worships, he sacrifices), Ancient Greek ἅγιος (hágios, sacred, holy).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

iēiūnus (feminine iēiūna, neuter iēiūnum); first/second declension

  1. fasting, abstinent, hungry
  2. (figuratively) dry, barren, unproductive
  3. (figuratively) scanty, meager
  4. insignificant, trifling

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative iēiūnus iēiūna iēiūnum iēiūnī iēiūnae iēiūna
Genitive iēiūnī iēiūnae iēiūnī iēiūnōrum iēiūnārum iēiūnōrum
Dative iēiūnō iēiūnō iēiūnīs
Accusative iēiūnum iēiūnam iēiūnum iēiūnōs iēiūnās iēiūna
Ablative iēiūnō iēiūnā iēiūnō iēiūnīs
Vocative iēiūne iēiūna iēiūnum iēiūnī iēiūnae iēiūna

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ieiunus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers