See also: pejor

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *ped-yōs (to the ground, downward), from *ped- (to walk, fall, stumble); compare pessimus (worst). Michiel de Vaan notes that a similar phonetic change *[dj]/[jd] > *[j] can be observed in the etymology of caelum (chisel) and caia (cudgel) from Proto-Italic *kaid(s)lo- and *kaidjā- respectively.

Doublet of pēs (foot) and pessum (to the bottom; to destruction). See cognates at pēs.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

peior (neuter peius, positive malus); third declension

  1. worse

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative peior peius peiōrēs peiōra
Genitive peiōris peiōrum
Dative peiōrī peiōribus
Accusative peiōrem peius peiōrēs peiōra
Ablative peiōre peiōribus
Vocative peior peius peiōrēs peiōra

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: pitjor
  • English: pejorative
  • French: pire
  • Friulian: piês
  • Galician: peor
  • Italian: peggiore, peggio
  • Occitan: pièger

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • peior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “peiior”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 455
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “pessum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 463
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “caedō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 79–80

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pēiōrem, accusative singular of pēior. The nominative form, pire (whence modern French pire) derives from the Latin nominative.

AdjectiveEdit

peior (oblique singular, nominative singular pire)

  1. worse; comparative degree of mal
  2. worst; superlative degree of mal

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: pire (from nominative form)

ReferencesEdit