LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unclear. Proposals include:[1][2]

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈjuːk.staː/, [ˈjuːk.s̠t̪aː] or IPA(key): /ˈjuk.staː/, [ˈjʊk.s̠t̪aː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈjuk.sta/, [ˈjuk.st̪a]
  • Note: the length of the /u/ is uncertain due to lack of graphic attestations, unclear etymology and common conflation with iūstus (just; exact) already in Latin as well as its Romance descendants. Most other dictionaries list it as short.

AdverbEdit

iū̆xtā (not comparable)

  1. nearly
  2. near, close to
  3. just as

PrepositionEdit

iū̆xtā (+ accusative)

  1. near, close to, next to
  2. adjoining
  3. like
  4. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) according to

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Weiss, Michael L. (2009) Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin[1], Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, →ISBN, § B 1 b, page 357

Further readingEdit