Contents

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *jougestād, feminine ablative of an adjective *jougestos, possibly from the noun *jougos (Latin iūgera pl), derived as Proto-Indo-European *(H)yewg-s, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *yewg- ‎(yoke), compare iugum.[1]

PronunciationEdit

or

AdverbEdit

iuxtā or iūxtā (not comparable)

  1. nearly
  2. near, close to
  3. just as

PrepositionEdit

iuxtā or iūxtā [+accusative]

  1. near, close to, next to
  2. adjoining
  3. like
  4. according to

Usage notesEdit

  • The quantity of the /u/ in this word is hidden, or not inferable from scansion due to the presence of multiple consonants. From Proto-Italic, /ū/ is expected, but /ŭ/ is more likely implicated from this word's Romance descendants. In those languages, the the observed mutation in vowel quality is such as is more often expected from /u/ having short rather than long quantity. It may therefore be inferred that some shortening may have taken place at some time or in some places in Latin's later development.

DescendentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • juxtā in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • iuxta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • IUXTA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • juxtā in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • iuxta in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • "iūxtā" in Karl Ernst Georges, Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch
  • Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges Founded on Comparative Grammar, Ginn & Company, 1903, page 130.
  • Dirk Panhuis, Roland Hoffmann (translator), Lateinische Grammatik, Walter de Gruyter, 2015, pages 84 and 86.
  • "iūxtā" in PONS, Deutsch-Latein-Wörterbuch (German-Latin dictionary)
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
Read in another language