Uncertain. Possibly shortened from earlier *jurreken (compare English jerkin), assimilated from *jurneken, from Middle Dutch jo(u)rney, journede (“surcoat”), from Old French journée, formed from jor (“day (of the tournament)”), with the suffix -ade (“at, from or before”).
In the sense 'clothing' first found in 1691. In the 19th century the meaning shifted from children's to women's clothing.
jurk f (plural jurken, diminutive jurkje n)
- (Netherlands) dress
- Synonym: japon
- (dress): kleedje (Belgium)
- → Indonesian: jurk
jurk (first-person possessive jurkku, second-person possessive jurkmu, third-person possessive jurknya)
- “jurk” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Language Development and Fostering Agency — Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic Indonesia, 2016.