See also: nya, NYA, and nyā

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay -nya, from Proto-Malayic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ni-a, from Proto-Austronesian *ni-a.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nya

  1. (dative) to him, to her, to it
  2. (objective after preposition) him, her, it
  3. (accusative) him, her, it
  4. his, her, its (attributive: belonging to him / her / it)
    Ini rumahnya.This is his / her / its house.

Usage notesEdit

  • “-nya” as a third-person singular possessive (possession): “Budi mengambil uangnya di bank.” means "uang" is owned by Budi.
  • “-nya” as a third-person singular objective: “Budi menemaninya ke bank.” (active), or “Ani ditemaninya ke bank.” (passive). “-nya” works as a replacement of “Ani” in the former and “Budi” in the latter sentence.
  • “-nya” as a definite marker: “Budi, uangnya di mana?”. The definite marker means that the money in question is a specific money, not just any money. Similar to the definite article "the" in “Budi, where is the money?”
  • “-nya” as a possessed case: “Ini uangnya Budi, bukan uangnya Ani.”, “Uangnya Budi di mana?” considered redundant in standard grammar, but common in casual speech.
  • “-nya” as a verb nominalizer: “Kamu makannya jangan begitu.” The “-nya” here changes the verb “makan” into a noun.


Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


KamberaEdit

PronounEdit

-nya

  1. third person singular dative enclitic

ParticleEdit

-nya

  1. continuative aspect enclitic
    Laku-nggu-nya.
    I am going.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Marian Klamer (2000) , “Continuative Aspect and the Dative Clitic in Kambera”, in Mark Campana, Ileana Paul, Vivianne Phillips, Lisa Travis, editors, Formal Issues in Austronesian Linguistics (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory; 49), Springer Netherlands, →ISBN, page 58

MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ni-a, from Proto-Austronesian *ni-a.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nya (Jawi spelling )

  1. (dative) to him, to her, to it
  2. (objective after preposition) him, her, it
  3. (accusative) him, her, it
  4. his, her, its (attributive: belonging to him / her / it)
    rumahnyahis / her / its house

Usage notesEdit

When used to address God, a capital letter and hyphen is used.

See alsoEdit