See also: nya, NYA, and nyā

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay -nya, from Proto-Malayic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ni-a, from Proto-Austronesian *ni-a.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nya

  1. (dative) to him, to her, to it
  2. (objective after preposition) him, her, it
  3. (accusative) him, her, it
  4. his, her, its (attributive: belonging to him / her / it)
    Ini rumahnya.This is his / her / its house.

Usage notesEdit

  • “-nya” as a third-person singular possessive (possession): “Budi mengambil uangnya di bank.” means "uang" is owned by Budi.
  • “-nya” as a third-person singular objective: “Budi menemaninya ke bank.” (active), or “Ani ditemaninya ke bank.” (passive). “-nya” works as a replacement of “Ani” in the former and “Budi” in the latter sentence.
  • “-nya” as a definite marker: “Budi, uangnya di mana?”. The definite marker means that the money in question is a specific money, not just any money. Similar to the definite article "the" in “Budi, where is the money?”
  • “-nya” as a possessed case: “Ini uangnya Budi, bukan uangnya Ani.”, “Uangnya Budi di mana?” considered redundant in standard grammar, but common in casual speech.
  • “-nya” as a verb nominalizer: “Kamu makannya jangan begitu.” The “-nya” here changes the verb “makan” into a noun.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


KamberaEdit

PronounEdit

-nya

  1. third person singular dative enclitic

ParticleEdit

-nya

  1. continuative aspect enclitic
    Laku-nggu-nya.
    I am going.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Marian Klamer (2000), “Continuative Aspect and the Dative Clitic in Kambera”, in Mark Campana, Ileana Paul, Vivianne Phillips, Lisa Travis, editors, Formal Issues in Austronesian Linguistics (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory; 49), Springer Netherlands, →ISBN, page 58

MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ña, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ni-a, from Proto-Austronesian *ni-a.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nya (Jawi spelling )

  1. (dative) to him, to her, to it
  2. (objective after preposition) him, her, it
  3. (accusative) him, her, it
  4. his, her, its (attributive: belonging to him / her / it)
    rumahnyahis / her / its house

Usage notesEdit

When used to address God, a capital letter and hyphen is used.

See alsoEdit