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LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb lipt ‎(to stick, to adhere) (q.v.), from which it was derived (with vowel gradation, like laipa ‎(footbridge), and an extra n; compare, without vowel gradation, the dialectal variant lipns). The semantic evolution was probably “sticky, adhesive” > “clingy” > “attentive” > “nice, polite, kind.” Cognates include Lithuanian lipnùs ‎(sticky, adhesive; nice, kind).[1] Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leyp-.

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

laipns (def. laipnais, comp. laipnāks, sup. vislaipnākais; adv. laipni)

  1. nice, polite, kind, friendly, warm, welcoming (one that treats others with attention, sensitivity, kindness, friendliness)
    laipns jaunietisfriendly, nice young man
    laipna namamātewelcoming hostess
    būt laipnam pret viesiem — to be courteous, welcoming to the guests
    esi, esiet tik laipns... — would you be so kind as to... (introducing a polite request)
  2. (such that it expresses or reflects such qualities: attention, politeness, kindness, friendliness...)
    laipns smaids — a kind, warm smile
    runāt laipnā balsī — to speak with a kind voice
    laipni vārdikind, welcoming words
    laipna uzņemšanawarm welcome

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “laipns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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