From early modern German Larche, Lärche, from Middle High German larche, from Old High German larihha, early borrowing from Latin larix, itself possibly of Gaulish origin. In the first century AD, Vitruvius wrote that the tree was given the Latin name "larigna" when the Romans discovered it at the town of Larignum.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɑːtʃ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈlɑɹt͡ʃ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)tʃ
larch (plural larches)
- (countable) A coniferous tree, of genus Larix, having deciduous leaves, in fascicles.
- 1665, John Rea, Flora, London: J.G. Marriott, Book III, Chapter 20, pp. 235-236:
- The Larch-tree, with us, groweth slowly, and to be found in few places; it hath a rugged bark, and boughts that branch in good order, with divers small yellowish bunched eminences, set thereon at several distances, from whence tufts of many small, long, and narrow smooth leaves do yearly come forth; it beareth among the green leaves many beautiful flowers, which are of a fine crimson colour […]
- 1716, Nicholas Rowe (translator), The Ninth Book of Lucan in John Dryden, Miscellany Poems, London: Jacob Tonson, Volume 6, p. 67,
- The Gummy Larch-Tree, and the Thapsos there,
- Wound-wort and Maiden-weed, perfume the Air.
- 1855, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Song of Hiawatha, Book 7:
- Thus the Birch Canoe was builded
In the valley, by the river,
In the bosom of the forest;
And the forest’s life was in it,
All its mystery and its magic,
All the lightness of the birch-tree,
All the toughness of the cedar,
All the larch’s supple sinews;
- 1924, Radclyffe Hall, The Unlit Lamp, Chapter 5, Part 1:
- Joan was thinking: ‘She looks like a tree […] it must be the green dress. But her eyes are like water, all greeny and shadowy and deep looking—a tree near a pool, that’s what she’s like, a tall tree. A beech tree? No, that’s too spready—a larch tree, that’s Elizabeth; a larch tree just greening over.'
- 1940, Rosetta E. Clarkson, Green Enchantments: The Magic Spell of Gardens, The Macmillan Company, page 273:
- Have a tree or two the witches particularly like, such as the alder, larch, cypress and hemlock; then, to counteract any possible evil effects, there must be a holly, yew, hazel, elder, mountain ash or juniper.
- 1993, Nengah Wirawan, “The Hazard of Fire”, in Harold Brookfield, Yvonne Byron, editors, South-East Asia's Environmental Future: The Search for Sustainability, United Nations University Press, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 242:
- During the early 1980s to early 1990s, and especially in the long drought period of 1982-3, extensive fires swept through natural forests in many parts of the world. While the ravaging fires in Australia and Europe received wide media coverage, 1 million hectares of larch forests were wiped out on the Ta-hsing-an-ling mountain in north-eastern China (H. Tagawa, personal communication).
- For more quotations using this term, see Citations:larch.
- (uncountable) The wood of the larch.
- 1916, Arthur Ransome, “The Christening in the Village”, in Old Peter’s Russian Tales:
- Old Peter was up early too, harnessing the little yellow horse into the old cart. The cart was of rough wood, without springs, like a big box fixed on long larch poles between two pairs of wheels. The larch poles did instead of springs, bending and creaking, as the cart moved over the forest track.
- (the wood of the larch): larchwood
Derived terms edit
- American larch (Larix laricina)
- Chinese larch (Larix potaninii)
- Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii)
- European larch (Larix decidua)
- golden larch (Pseudolarix)
- Himalayan larch (Larix griffithii)
- Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi)
- larch turpentine
- Masters' larch (Larix mastersiana)
- Russian larch
- Siberian larch (Larix sibirica)
- subalpine larch (Larix lyallii)
- western larch (Larix occidentalis)