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See also: Lauva, Lauvā, and lauvā

Contents

LatvianEdit

 lauva on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Lauvas

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle High German louwe (cf. German Löwe), from Proto-Germanic *laujan, a borrowing from Latin leō. It has been suggested, on the basis of Lithuanian liū̃tas (lion), Russian лютый (ljutyj) зверь (ljútyj zver’, beast, lion), that there was an earlier Slavo-Balto-Germanic term with the root *liu-; if so, this term was lost very early on in Latvian, replaced by the Middle High German borrowing. First mentioned (as lavis, lauve) in 17th-century Bible translations. A family name Louvis is attested from the 16h century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [lāwva]
  • (file)

NounEdit

lauva m or f (4th declension, irregular gender, dative singular)

  1. lion in general (Panthera leo)
    lauvu mātīte, lauvenefemale lion, lioness
    dresēt lauvasto tame, train lions
    lauvas tiesathe lion's share, the biggest part
  2. specifically, a male lion

Usage notesEdit

The term lauva is ambigenous. It is masculine when it refers to males and feminine when it refers to females. It is, however, always declined as a feminine noun, with the exception of its dative singular form, which is lauvam when it refers to a male and lauvai when it refers to a female.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lauva”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

lauva n

  1. definite plural of lauv

Norwegian NynorskEdit

NounEdit

lauva n

  1. definite plural of lauv