See also: meness and Mēness

Contents

LatvianEdit

 mēness on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Mēness

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s(moon, month), from Proto-Indo-European *mē-²(to measure). Cognates include Lithuanian mėnuo(month, moon), Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць(měsęcĭ, moon, month) (Russian месяц(mésjac), Polish miesiąc, Czech měsíc), Sanskrit मास(māsa), Persian ماه(māh), Old Armenian ամիս(amis), Ancient Greek μήν(mḗn, moon), Latin mēnsis(month) (Spanish mes, Italian mese, French mois), Proto-Celtic *mīns (Irish , Welsh mis), Proto-Germanic *mēnōþs(month) (Old English mōnað, English month, German Monat, Dutch maand, Swedish månad).

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

mēness m (2nd declension, irregular nominative, genitive)

  1. (astronomy) moon (largest satellite of the Earth; often Mēness)
    mēness aptumsums‎ ― lunar eclipse
    mēness virsma‎ ― moon surface
    mēness gaisma, mēnessgaisma‎ ― moonlight
    mēness spīd‎ ― the moon shines
    mēness nakts‎ ― (full) moon night
    mēness jūra‎ ― moon sea, mare (dark area on the surface of the moon)
    mēness kalendārs‎ ― lunar calendar
    mēness fāzes‎ ― moon phases
    jauns, augošs, pilns, dilstošs mēness‎ ― new, crescent, full, waning moon
    vecs mēness‎ ― old moon (visible only as a thin crescent oriented towards the sun)
    tukšs mēness‎ ― empty moon (new moon when entirely invisible)
    bāls kā mēness‎ ― pale as the moon
  2. (astronomy) moon, satellite (of another planet)
    Jupitera mēneši‎ ― the moons of Jupiter

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • When referring to the Earth's largest satellite as a location, mēness is often capitalized: Mēness.
  • The noun mēnesis(month) is often confused with its homonym mēness(moon), with which it has most declension forms in common (only the nominative singular and genitive singular forms of these two nouns are different).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit