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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From medius and maybe ocris (rugged mountain), as if "halfway up".[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mediocris (neuter mediocre, comparative mediocrior, superlative mediocrissimus, adverb mediocriter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. middling, moderate, medium
  2. tolerable, ordinary, normal
  3. mediocre, indifferent

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative mediocris mediocre mediocrēs mediocria
Genitive mediocris mediocrium
Dative mediocrī mediocribus
Accusative mediocrem mediocre mediocrēs
mediocrīs
mediocria
Ablative mediocrī mediocribus
Vocative mediocris mediocre mediocrēs mediocria

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: mediocre
  • Portuguese: medíocre
  • Spanish: mediocre

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 21
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ocris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 424