From medius and maybe ocris (rugged mountain), as if "halfway up".[1][2]



mediocris (neuter mediocre, comparative mediocrior, superlative medioximus, adverb mediocriter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. middling, moderate, medium
  2. tolerable, ordinary, normal
  3. mediocre, indifferent


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative mediocris mediocre mediocrēs mediocria
Genitive mediocris mediocrium
Dative mediocrī mediocribus
Accusative mediocrem mediocre mediocrēs
Ablative mediocrī mediocribus
Vocative mediocris mediocre mediocrēs mediocria

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • English: mediocre
  • Portuguese: medíocre
  • Spanish: mediocre


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, 1959, page 21
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel, “ocris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 424
  • mediocris in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • mediocris in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • mediocris in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • mediocris in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • to adopt half-measures: mediocribus consiliis uti
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris