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See also: Medium, médium, and mèdium

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Latin medium, neuter of medius (middle). Compare middle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

medium (plural media or mediums)

  1. (plural media or mediums) The chemistry of the surrounding environment, e.g. solid, liquid, gas, vacuum, or a specific substance such as a solvent.
  2. (plural media or mediums) The materials or empty space through which signals, waves or forces pass.
    • Francis Bacon
      Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried.
    • Denham
      I must bring together / All these extremes; and must remove all mediums.
  3. (plural media or mediums) A format for communicating or presenting information.
  4. (plural media or mediums, engineering) The materials used to finish a workpiece using a mass finishing or abrasive blasting process.
  5. (plural media or mediums, microbiology) A nutrient solution for the growth of cells in vitro.
    • 1996, Samuel Baron (editor), Medical Microbiology:
      In some instances one can take advantage of differential carbohydrate fermentation capabilities of microorganisms by incorporating one or more carbohydrates in the medium along with a suitable pH indicator. Such media are called differential media (e.g., eosin methylene blue or MacConkey agar) and are commonly used to isolate enteric bacilli.
  6. (plural media or mediums) The means, channel, or agency by which an aim is achieved.
  7. (plural mediums or media) A liquid base which carries pigment in paint.
  8. (plural mediums or media, painting) A tool used for painting or drawing.
    Acrylics, oils, charcoal, and gouache are all mediums I used in my painting.
  9. (plural mediums, spiritualism) Someone who supposedly conveys information from the spirit world.
  10. (plural mediums) Anything having a measurement intermediate between extremes, such as a garment or container.
  11. (plural mediums) A person whom garments or apparel of intermediate size fit.
  12. (plural mediums, Ireland, dated, informal) A half-pint serving of Guinness (or other stout in some regions).
  13. A middle place or degree.
    a happy medium
    • L'Estrange
      The just medium [] lies between pride and abjection.
  14. (dated) An average; sometimes the mathematical mean.
    • Burke
      a medium of six years of war, and six years of peace
  15. (logic) The mean or middle term of a syllogism, that by which the extremes are brought into connection.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

medium (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Arithmetically average.
  2. Of intermediate size, degree, amount etc.
  3. Of meat, cooked to a point greater than rare but less than well done; typically, so the meat is still red in the centre.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

medium (comparative more medium, superlative most medium)

  1. to a medium extent

SynonymsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: o' · eight · modern · #840: medium · ill · eat · et

ReferencesEdit


Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin medium.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /meːdiɔm/, [ˈmeːˀd̥jɔm]

NounEdit

medium or medie n (singular definite mediet, plural indefinite medier)

  1. medium

InflectionEdit

AdjectiveEdit

medium (neuter medium, plural and definite singular attributive medium)

  1. medium

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

medium n (plural media, diminutive mediumpje n)

  1. means, system or instrument for fulfilling an end
    • 1967, Evert Willem Barth, Moderne logica, Van Gorcum, 138-139.
      Het is zeer aannemelijk dat sommige talen zich er beter toe lenen dan andere, als medium voor het logisch denken dienst te doen.
      It is very probable that some language are more suitable to being used as a medium for logical thinking than others are.
  2. (physics) medium which a wave or force traverses
    • 2009, Douglas C. Giancoli, Natuurkunde. Deel 2: Elektriciteit, magnetism, optica en moderne fysica, (tr. by Marianne Kerkhof & Louis Rijk Vertaling, red. by Luc van Hoorebeeke & Jan Rykebusch), Pearson (4th edition), 1100.
      Ze noemden dit transparante medium de ether en gingen ervan uit dat de hele ruimte ervan doordrongen was.
      They called this transparent medium aether and assumed that all of space was completely pervaded by it.
  3. (grammar) middle voice
  4. (communication, media) means of communication, media outlet
  5. (communication) data medium, something that contains data
  6. channeler, someone who claims to access the dead

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

medium n (plural mediums)

  1. something of medium size

AdjectiveEdit

medium (not comparable)

  1. of medium size
  2. (of meat) medium rare
InflectionEdit
Inflection of medium
uninflected medium
inflected -
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial medium
indefinite m./f. sing. -
n. sing. medium
plural -
definite -
partitive mediums
SynonymsEdit

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

medium

  1. inflection of medius:
    1. masculine accusative singular
    2. neuter nominative singular
    3. neuter accusative singular
    4. neuter vocative singular

NounEdit

medium n (genitive mediī); second declension

  1. middle, center, medium, midst
  2. community, public, publicity

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative medium media
genitive mediī mediōrum
dative mediō mediīs
accusative medium media
ablative mediō mediīs
vocative medium media

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

medium

  1. accusative singular of medius
  2. genitive singular of medius

ReferencesEdit

  • medium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • medium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “medium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) the Mediterranean Sea: mare medium or internum
    • (ambiguous) the middle ages: media quae vocatur aetas
    • (ambiguous) manhood: aetas constans, media, firmata, corroborata (not virilis)
    • (ambiguous) to remove a person: e or de medio tollere
    • (ambiguous) to become known, become a topic of common conversation (used of things): foras efferri, palam fieri, percrebrescere, divulgari, in medium proferri, exire, emanare
    • (ambiguous) to leave a thing undecided: aliquid in medio, in dubio relinquere (Cael. 20. 48)
    • (ambiguous) elevated, moderate, plain style: genus dicendi grave or grande, medium, tenue (cf. Or. 5. 20; 6. 21)
    • (ambiguous) to bring a subject forward into discussion: in medium proferre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to publish, make public: in medio ponere (proponere)
    • (ambiguous) to break off in the middle of the conversation: medium sermonem abrumpere (Verg. Aen. 4. 388)
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: medium esse
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: medium se gerere
    • (ambiguous) the centre of the marching column: agmen medium (Liv. 10. 41)
    • (ambiguous) the centre: media acies
    • (ambiguous) let us leave that undecided: hoc in medio relinquamus

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Latin medium

NounEdit

medium n (definite singular mediet, indefinite plural medier, definite plural media or mediene)

  1. a medium (also in spiritualism)

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Latin medium

NounEdit

medium n (definite singular mediet, indefinite plural medium, definite plural media)

  1. a medium (also in spiritualism)

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

medium n

  1. a medium, a middle part in communication, a substance useful for communication (e.g. aether), a spiritual connection

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit