See also: médius

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

New Latin, from Latin medius ‎(middle). See medium.

NounEdit

medius ‎(plural medii)

  1. (anatomy) The middle finger; the third digit, or that which corresponds to it.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *meðios, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos ‎(between). Cognate with Ancient Greek μέσος ‎(mésos), Sanskrit मध्य ‎(mádhya), Old Armenian մէջ ‎(mēǰ), Persian میان ‎(miān) etc.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

medius m ‎(feminine media, neuter medium); first/second declension

  1. middle
  2. half
  3. moderate
  4. indifferent, undecided

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative medius media medium mediī mediae media
genitive mediī mediae mediī mediōrum mediārum mediōrum
dative mediō mediō mediīs
accusative medium mediam medium mediōs mediās media
ablative mediō mediā mediō mediīs
vocative medie media medium mediī mediae media

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • medius in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • medius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • MEDIUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • medius in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the temperate zone: orbis medius
    • to rush into the midst of the foe: in medios hostes se inicere
    • to break through the enemy's centre: per medios hostes (mediam hostium aciem) perrumpere
    • (ambiguous) the Mediterranean Sea: mare medium or internum
    • (ambiguous) the middle ages: media quae vocatur aetas
    • (ambiguous) manhood: aetas constans, media, firmata, corroborata (not virilis)
    • (ambiguous) to become known, become a topic of common conversation (used of things): foras efferri, palam fieri, percrebrescere, divulgari, in medium proferri, exire, emanare
    • (ambiguous) elevated, moderate, plain style: genus dicendi grave or grande, medium, tenue (cf. Or. 5. 20; 6. 21)
    • (ambiguous) to bring a subject forward into discussion: in medium proferre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to break off in the middle of the conversation: medium sermonem abrumpere (Verg. Aen. 4. 388)
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: medium esse
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: medium se gerere
    • (ambiguous) the centre of the marching column: agmen medium (Liv. 10. 41)
    • (ambiguous) the centre: media acies
  • medius in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
Read in another language