Latin edit

Etymology edit

Perfect active participle of morior (die). Corresponds to Proto-Italic *mortwos, from Proto-Indo-European *mr̥twós, *mr̥tós (dead, mortal), *mr̥tó-, ultimately from *mer- (to die) + *-wós (whence Latin -uus). Compare Ancient Greek βροτός (brotós), Sanskrit मृत (mṛtá), Old Church Slavonic мрътвъ (mrŭtvŭ), Old Armenian մարդ (mard).

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit

mortuus (feminine mortua, neuter mortuum); first/second-declension participle

  1. dead, having died.
    Synonyms: exanimis, dēfūnctus
    Antonym: vīvus
  2. decayed, withered
  3. (figuratively) faint, overwhelmed.

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative mortuus mortua mortuum mortuī mortuae mortua
Genitive mortuī mortuae mortuī mortuōrum mortuārum mortuōrum
Dative mortuō mortuō mortuīs
Accusative mortuum mortuam mortuum mortuōs mortuās mortua
Ablative mortuō mortuā mortuō mortuīs
Vocative mortue mortua mortuum mortuī mortuae mortua

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Noun edit

mortuus m (genitive mortuī); second declension

  1. a dead person, dead man
  2. a corpse, dead body

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mortuus mortuī
Genitive mortuī mortuōrum
Dative mortuō mortuīs
Accusative mortuum mortuōs
Ablative mortuō mortuīs
Vocative mortue mortuī

See also edit

References edit

  • mortuus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mortuus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mortuus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • mortuus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to entomb a dead body: mortuum in sepulcro condere
    • to burn a corpse: aliquem mortuum cremare (Sen. 23. 84)
    • to summon some one from the dead: aliquem ab inferis or a mortuis evocare, excitare (passive ab inferis exsistere)
    • the last wishes of a deceased person: alicuius mortui voluntas (suprema)