Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *mil-, *mul- (with an extra -k), from Proto-Indo-European *mel-, *ml̥-(to push, to crush, to grate, to grind) (whence also malt(to grind, to mill), q.v.). The semantic evolution was probably “to grind” > “to get lost” (via a comparison between grinding movements and the aimless motion of someone who got lost; see the etymology of maldināt(to mislead, to deceive)) > “to be confused, bewildered” > (nominalized) “confused person” > “stupid person.” Cognates include Lithuanian mùlkis, Sanskrit मल्वः(malváḥ, stupid, foolish, unwise), Ancient Greek βλᾱ́ξ(blā́x, coward; stubborn; stupid) (< *mlāk-). A related word is Russian молчать(molčát’, to be silent) (< *mъlkēti).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

muļķis m (2nd declension, feminine form: muļķe)

  1. (male) fool, stupid man (man with little intelligence)
    uzskatīt, turēt kādu par muļķi‎ ― to consider someone a fool
    zvejot prot katrs muļķis; nodot zivis, tā ir māksla‎ ― any fool can catch fish; to deliver the fish, now that is an art
    muļķis! viņš savā stulbumā bija iznīcinājis manu pašu labāko foreļu vietu‎ ― fool! he in his stupidity had destroyed my own best trout (catching) place

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “muļķis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7