From Middle English intelligence, from Old French intelligence, from Latin intelligentia, which is from inter- (“between”) + legere (“choose, pick out, read”), or Proto-Italic *legō (“to care”). Doublet of intelligentsia.
- (chiefly uncountable) Capacity of mind, especially to understand principles, truths, facts or meanings, acquire knowledge, and apply it to practice; the ability to comprehend and learn.
- 1912 October, Edgar Rice Burroughs, “Tarzan of the Apes”, in The All-Story, New York, N.Y.: Frank A. Munsey Co., OCLC 17392886; republished as chapter 5, in Tarzan of the Apes, New York, N.Y.: A. L. Burt Company, 1914, OCLC 1224185:
- Not so, however, with Tarzan, the man-child. His life amidst the dangers of the jungle had taught him to meet emergencies with self-confidence, and his higher intelligence resulted in a quickness of mental action far beyond the powers of the apes.
- 1936 Feb., F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Crack-Up", Esquire:
- ...the test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in the mind at the same time, and still retain the ability to function.
- 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
- Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits. ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
- (chiefly uncountable) The quality of making use or having made use of such capacities: depth of understanding, mental quickness.
- 2018, Dalai Lama, Introduction to Buddhism, →ISBN, page 8:
- From a religious point of view, a bodhisattva with sharp faculties and great intelligence can cause a tremendous upheaval if he or she misuses that power under the influence of negative emotions, like attachment and hatred.
- (countable) An entity that has such capacities.
- The great Intelligences fair / That range above our mortal state, / In circle round the blessed gate, / Received and gave him welcome there.
- 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, page 275:
- But there are latent powers within man alone that are not yet fully understood and [...] we cannot definitely state what is, and what is not, due to the interference or influence of discarnate intelligences.
- 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 228:
- He passes beyond the projections and thought forms of his own creation to the wholly other and independent world of the angelic intelligences.
- (chiefly uncountable) Information, often secret, about an enemy or about hostile activities.
- 2019 February 27, Drachinifel, The Battle of Samar - Odds? What are those?, archived from the original on 3 November 2022, retrieved 5 November 2022, 40:01 from the start:
- Their lack of good intelligence also meant that they vastly overestimated the size of their foes for far too long, hails of armor-piercing shells doing comparatively little damage compared to the high explosive that they should have been using.
- (countable) A political or military department, agency or unit designed to gather information, usually secret, about the enemy or about hostile activities.
- (dated) Acquaintance; intercourse; familiarity.
- 1702–1704, Edward [Hyde, 1st] Earl of Clarendon, “(please specify |book=I to XVI)”, in The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, Begun in the Year 1641. […], Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed at the Theater, published 1707, OCLC 937919305:
- He lived rather in a fair intelligence than any friendship with the favourite
- (capacity of mind): wit, intellect, brightness
- (entity): see Thesaurus:sentient
- See also Thesaurus:intelligence
intelligence f (plural intelligences)
- intelligence; cleverness
- C'est un homme d'une rare intelligence.
- (please add an English translation of this usage example)
- It’s a man with an uncommon intelligence.
- “intelligence”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
intelligence f (invariable)
intelligence f (plural intelligences)