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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A parallel form (with an infix n, maybe originally from Curonian dialects, perhaps under the influence of *mandrs, an older form of modrs, q.v.) of an earlier (and still attested) form mudrs, from Proto-Baltic *mud- with an extra r, from Proto-Indo-European *mewd-, *mūd-, *mud-(lively, cheerful), from a stem *mew-(humid, wet; to wash, to bathe). German munter(lively, cheerful, awake) may have influenced the meaning and the form of this word. Cognates include Lithuanian muñdras, mundrùs, Latin mundus(clean, shiny) (< *mundos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

mundrs (def. mundrais, comp. mundrāks, sup. vismundrākais; adv. mundri)

  1. lively, vibrant, energetic, active, alert (having strength and vitality; being ready for action)
    mundra un dzīvespriecīga meitene‎ ― lively and cheerful girl
    Elga ir mundra un lokana, vaigi piesārtuši no ātrajām kustībām āra gaisā‎ ― Elga ir lively and flexible (= agile, nimble), (her) cheeks red from (her) quick movements in the outside air
    Guba izskatījās mundrs, pašpārliecināts, uzņēmīgs, tāds, kuru nebija iebiedējusi negaidītā nelaime‎ ― Guba looked lively, self-confident, enterprising, as one who is not afraid of unexpected misfortune
  2. lively, vibrant, energetic, active, alert (expressing such qualities; which is compatible with, or predisposes to, such qualities)
    mundrs solis‎ ― lively step(s)
    mundra balss‎ ― lively voice
    mundrs noskaņojums‎ ― lively mood
    mundras kustības‎ ― lively movements
    rosīga un mundra dzīve‎ ― bustling and vibrant life
    mundras marša skaņas‎ ― lively marching sounds
    Magones acis mirdzēja ar dīvainu, pievilcīgu, mundru spēku‎ ― Magone's eyes shone with a strange, attractive, lively strength
    laiks bija lielisks: mundrs vējš pūta kursā‎ ― the weather was great: a lively, brisk wind flew on course
    mundrs zaļums kā viļņiem vien plūst pretī no dārziem, no parkiem, no atāliem pļāviņās‎ ― the lively green flows like waves from the gardens, from the parks, from the aftergrass on the meadows

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mundrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7