A parallel form (with an infix n, maybe originally from Curonian dialects, perhaps under the influence of *mandrs, an older form of modrs, q.v.) of an earlier (and still attested) form mudrs, from Proto-Baltic *mud- with an extra r, from Proto-Indo-European *mewd-, *mūd-, *mud- ‎(lively, cheerful), from a stem *mew- ‎(humid, wet; to wash, to bathe). German munter ‎(lively, cheerful, awake) may have influenced the meaning and the form of this word. Cognates include Lithuanian muñdras, mundrùs, Latin mundus ‎(clean, shiny) (< *mundos).[1]




mundrs (def. mundrais, comp. mundrāks, sup. vismundrākais; adv. mundri)

  1. lively, vibrant, energetic, active, alert (having strength and vitality; being ready for action)
    mundra un dzīvespriecīga meitenelively and cheerful girl
    Elga ir mundra un lokana, vaigi piesārtuši no ātrajām kustībām āra gaisā — Elga ir lively and flexible (= agile, nimble), (her) cheeks red from (her) quick movements in the outside air
    Guba izskatījās mundrs, pašpārliecināts, uzņēmīgs, tāds, kuru nebija iebiedējusi negaidītā nelaime — Guba looked lively, self-confident, enterprising, as one who is not afraid of unexpected misfortune
  2. lively, vibrant, energetic, active, alert (expressing such qualities; which is compatible with, or predisposes to, such qualities)
    mundrs solislively step(s)
    mundra balsslively voice
    mundrs noskaņojumslively mood
    mundras kustībaslively movements
    rosīga un mundra dzīve — bustling and vibrant life
    mundras marša skaņaslively marching sounds
    Magones acis mirdzēja ar dīvainu, pievilcīgu, mundru spēku — Magone's eyes shone with a strange, attractive, lively strength
    laiks bija lielisks: mundrs vējš pūta kursā — the weather was great: a lively, brisk wind flew on course
    mundrs zaļums kā viļņiem vien plūst pretī no dārziem, no parkiem, no atāliem pļāviņās — the lively green flows like waves from the gardens, from the parks, from the aftergrass on the meadows



Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ “mundrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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