From Middle English accion, from Old French aucion,acciun, from Latin āctiō (“act of doing or making”), from āctus + action suffix -iō, perfect passive participle of agere (“do, act”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti; see also act, active.
- The effort of performing or doing something.
- Something done, often so as to accomplish a purpose.
- A way of motion or functioning.
- Knead bread with a rocking action.
- Fast-paced activity.
- a movie full of exciting action
- A mechanism; a moving part or assembly.
- a rifle action
- (music) The mechanism, that is the set of moving mechanical parts, of a keyboard instrument, like a piano, which transfers the motion of the key to the sound-making device.
- (music) The distance separating the strings and the fretboard on a guitar.
- (slang) Sexual intercourse.
- She gave him some action.
- I hope to get a bit of action with the hot guy from the club.
- (military) Combat.
- He saw some action in the Korean War.
- (law) A charge or other process in a law court (also called lawsuit and actio).
- (mathematics) A mapping from a pairing of mathematical objects to one of them, respecting their individual structures. The pairing is typically a Cartesian product or a tensor product. The object that is not part of the output is said to act on the other object. In any given context, action is used as an abbreviation for a more fully named notion, like group action or left group action.
- (physics) The product of energy and time, especially the product of the Lagrangian and time.
- The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
- (art, painting and sculpture) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
- (bowling) spin put on the bowling ball.
- (obsolete) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- Demanding or signifying the start of something, usually a performance.
- Antonym: cut
- The director yelled ‘Action!’ after the cameras started rolling.
- (transitive, management) To act on a request etc, in order to put it into effect.
- 2004, Ros Jay, Richard Templar, “Fast thinking: project”, in Fast Thinking Manager's Manual, Second edition edition, Pearson Education, →ISBN, Fast Thinking Leader, page 276:
- ‘Here, give me the minutes of Monday’s meeting. I’ll action your points for you while you get on and sort out the open day.’
- 2005, Fritz Liebreich, “The physical confrontation: interception and diversion policies in theory and practice”, in Britain's Navel and Political Reaction to the Illegal Immigration of Jews to Palestine, 1945-1948, Routledge, →ISBN, page 196:
- Violent reactions from the Jewish authorities were expected and difficulties of actioning the new guidelines were foreseen.
- 2007, Great Britain: Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman, “Case study: 11257”, in Tax Credits: Getting it wrong? 5th report session 2006-2007, The Stationery Office, →ISBN, Chapter 2: Changes and developments since June 2005, page 26:
- HMRC said that one reason they had not actioned her appeal was because she had said in her appeal form ‘I am appealing against the overpayment for childcare for 2003-04, 2004-05’, thus implying she was disputing her ‘overpayment’.
- (transitive, chiefly archaic) To initiate a legal action against someone.
- 1856, Thomas Chandler Haliburton, The Attaché: or Sam Slick in England, New Revised Edition edition, Stringer & Townsend, Chapter XLVII: The Horse Stealer; or All Trades Have Tricks But Our Own, page 270:
- ‘I have no business to settle with you—arrest me, Sir, at your peril and I’ll action you in law for false imprisonment.’
- 1844, Robert Mackenzie Daniel, The Grave Digger: A novel by the author of The Scottish Heiress, volume I, T. C. Newby, Chapter IX: How the Grave-differ entertained a lady, pages 189-190:
- “Scrip threatened me at first with an action for slander—he spoke of actions to the wrong man though—action! no, no no. I should have actioned him—ha! ha! [...]”
- 1871, Michael Shermer, quoting Alfred Russell Wallace, In Darwin’s shadow: The Life and Science of Alfred Russell Wallace, Oxford University Press US, published 2002, →ISBN, Chapter 10. Heretic Personality, page 261:
- I have actioned him for Libel, but he won’t plead, and says he will make himself bankrupt & won’t pay a penny.
- 1996, Darryl Mark Ogier, “Discipline: Enforcement”, in Reformation and Society in Guernsey, Boydell & Brewer, →ISBN, Part Two: The Calvinist Regime, page 148:
- In 1589 the Court went so far as to effect a reconciliation between Michel le Petevin and his wife after she actioned him for ill treatment and adultery with their chambermaid.
- The verb sense action is rejected by some usage authorities.
- OED 2nd edition 1989
- action in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- action in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
action f (plural actions)
- action, act, deed
- une bonne action ― a good deed
- une action promotionnelle
- a promotional campaign
- stock, share
- une action de capitalisation
- a capitalisation share
- (Switzerland) a special offer
- Saint Dominican Creole French: z'action
- “action” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
action (plural actiones)
- Alternative form of
action f (plural actions)
- French: action
action (plural actions)
- to action
- Eagle, Andy, ed. (2016) The Online Scots Dictionary, Scots Online.