- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [nɨək̚˧˦ mam˧˦]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [nɨək̚˦˧˥ mam˦˧˥]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [nɨək̚˦˥ mam˦˥]
- A light brown, watery fish sauce used in Vietnamese cookery.
- A mixture of this sauce with water, lemon juice, sugar, and various seasonings such as garlic and black pepper.
- "Southeast Asian American Food Habits" (1980), U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service, p. 6