Middle Vietnamese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Vietic *ɗaːk (water), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɗaak (water).

Noun edit

nước

  1. water
  2. country

Descendants edit

  • Vietnamese: nước

References edit

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Vietnamese nước, from Proto-Vietic *ɗaːk (water), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɗaak (water). Cognates with Nghệ An/Hà Tĩnh dialects nác, Muong đác, Khmer ទឹក (tik), Bahnar đak, Eastern Mnong dak, Central Nicobarese râk/dâk and Santali ᱫᱟᱜ (dak’).

Alternative forms edit

  • nác (North Central Vietnam)

Noun edit

nước (, 𫭔, )

  1. water
    • 2016 June 15, “Nước bẩn lấy máu mà rửa!”, in Tuổi Trẻ Online[1]:
      Vua hỏi: tay bẩn thì lấy nước để rửa, rứa nước bẩn lấy chi mà rửa? Ông quan thị vệ hoảng hốt, không biết trả lời thế nào. Vua liền nhấn giọng: “Nước bẩn thì lấy máu mà rửa!”.
      The emperor (Duy Tân) asked: “If your hands are dirty, you would wash them with water. But if the water (= country) is dirty, what would you wash it with?” The flustered court officials could not answer. The emperor then raised his voice: “If the water / country is dirty, you should wash it with blood!”
  2. liquid; fluid
    nước camorange juice
    nước chanhlime juice
    nước dừacoconut water
    nước mắttear
    nước mũimucus
    nước đáipee; piss
    nước tiểuurine
    • (Can we date this quote?), Hoài An (lyrics and music), “Dòng sông băng [Icy River]”:
      ♂: Nếu có nước mắt, nếu có yêu thương,
      Mênh mông dòng sông thì thầm cùng em.
      ♂: If there are tears, if there’s love,
      The vast river will whisper with you.
  3. the liquid part of a broth
    Synonyms: nước dùng, nước lèo
  4. Short for đất nước (country; polity).
    nước Mỹthe United States
    • 19th century, Bà Huyện Thanh Quan, Qua đèo Ngang [Passing by the Ngang Pass]:
      𢖵𤴬𢚸𡥵蟈蟈
      傷茄痗𠰘丐𬷬𬷬
      Nhớ nước, đau lòng con cuốc cuốc,
      Thương nhà, mỏi miệng cái da da.
      Missing its land, a swamphen feels hurt deeply,
      Longing for its home, a francolin's screaming desperately.
See also edit
Derived terms
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Likely related to bước (to step) through an infixed form.

Noun edit

(classifier cái) nước ()

  1. (chiefly in board games) move, step
    nước cờ khôn ngoana brilliant move (in chess)
See also edit
Derived terms

Further reading edit