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EtymologyEdit

By a metathesis of Old Latin *neuros, a thematicization of Proto-Indo-European *snḗh₁wr̥ (sinew, tendon). Cognates include Ancient Greek νεῦρον (neûron, tendon, string, nerve), Old English seonu (tendon, nerve, sinew). More at English nerve.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

nervus m (genitive nervī); second declension

  1. (anatomy) A sinew, tendon, nerve, muscle.
  2. A cord, string or wire; string of a musical instrument; bow, bowstring; cords or wires by which a puppet is moved.
  3. The leather with which shields were covered.
  4. A thong with which a person was bound; fetter; prison.
  5. (of plants) A fiber or fibre.
  6. (figurative) Vigor, force, power, strength, energy, nerve.
    Synonym: vīs

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nervus nervī
Genitive nervī nervōrum
Dative nervō nervīs
Accusative nervum nervōs
Ablative nervō nervīs
Vocative nerve nervī

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • nervus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nervus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nervus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • nervus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnes nervos in aliqua re contendere
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnibus viribusor nervis contendere, ut
    • instrumental music: nervorum et tibiarum cantus
    • vocal and instrumental music: vocum et fidium (nervorum) cantus
    • to strike the strings of the lyre: pellere nervos in fidibus
  • nervus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nervus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin nervōsus.

AdjectiveEdit

nervus m (oblique and nominative feminine singular nervuse)

  1. sinew; tendon (attributively)