From Middle English string, streng, strynge, from Old English streng (“string, cord, rope; tackle, rigging; ligament, ligature, sinew; line, lineage”), from Proto-Germanic *strangiz (“string”), from Proto-Indo-European *strengʰ- (“rope, cord, strand; to tighten”). Cognate with Scots string (“string”), Dutch streng (“cord, strand”), Low German strenge (“strand, cord, rope”), German Strang (“strand, cord, rope”), Danish streng (“string”), Swedish sträng (“string, cord, wire”), Icelandic strengur (“string”), Latvian stringt (“to be tight, wither”), Latin strangulō ("strangle, choke"), from Ancient Greek στραγγαλόομαι (strangalóomai, “to strangle”), from στραγγάλη (strangálē, “halter”), Ancient Greek στραγγός (strangós, “tied together, entangled, twisted”).
- IPA(key): /stɹɪŋ/
- Hyphenation: string
- Rhymes: -ɪŋ
string (countable and uncountable, plural strings)
- (countable) A long, thin and flexible structure made from threads twisted together.
- Round Ormond's knee thou tiest the mystic string.
- (uncountable) Such a structure considered as a substance.
- (countable) Any similar long, thin and flexible object.
- a violin string
- a bowstring
- A thread or cord on which a number of objects or parts are strung or arranged in close and orderly succession; hence, a line or series of things arranged on a thread, or as if so arranged.
- a string of shells or beads; a string of sausages
- (countable) A cohesive substance taking the form of a string.
- The string of spittle dangling from his chin was most unattractive
- (countable) A series of items or events.
- 2012, Christoper Zara, Tortured Artists: From Picasso and Monroe to Warhol and Winehouse, the Twisted Secrets of the World's Most Creative Minds, part 1, chapter 1, 27:
- In 1933, disgusted and discouraged after a string of commercial failures, Clara quit the film business forever. She was twenty-six.
- a string of successes
- (countable) The members of a sports team or squad regarded as most likely to achieve success. (Perhaps metaphorical as the "strings" that hold the squad together.) Often first string, second string etc.
- (countable) In various games and competitions, a certain number of turns at play, of rounds, etc.
- A group of racehorses kept by one owner or at one stables.
- (countable, computing) An ordered sequence of text characters stored consecutively in memory and capable of being processed as a single entity.
- (music, countable) A stringed instrument.
- (music, usually in the plural) The stringed instruments as a section of an orchestra, especially those played by a bow, or the persons playing those instruments.
- (in the plural) The conditions and limitations in a contract collectively.
- no strings attached
- (countable, physics) The main object of study in string theory, a branch of theoretical physics.
- (slang) Cannabis or marijuana.
- (billiards) Part of the game of billiards, where the order of the play is determined by testing who can get a ball closest to the bottom rail by shooting it onto the end rail.
- (historical, billiards) The buttons strung on a wire by which the score is kept.
- (billiards, by extension) The points made in a game of billiards.
- (billiards, pool) The line from behind and over which the cue ball must be played after being out of play, as by being pocketed or knocked off the table; also called the string line.
- A strip, as of leather, by which the covers of a book are held together.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
- (archaic) A fibre, as of a plant; a little fibrous root.
- Francis Bacon
- Duckweed putteth forth a little string into the water, from the bottom.
- (archaic) A nerve or tendon of an animal body.
- Bible, Mark vii. 35
- The string of his tongue was loosed.
- (shipbuilding) An inside range of ceiling planks, corresponding to the sheer strake on the outside and bolted to it.
- (botany) The tough fibrous substance that unites the valves of the pericarp of leguminous plants.
- the strings of beans
- (mining) A small, filamentous ramification of a metallic vein.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Ure to this entry?)
- (architecture) A stringcourse.
- (dated, slang) A hoax; a fake story.
long, thin structure made from twisted threads
- Albanian: varg (sq)
- Arabic: وَتَر (ar) m (watar)
- Armenian: լար (hy) (lar)
- Basque: katea
- Belarusian: вяро́вачка f (vjaróvačka), мату́з m (matúz), лі́на f (lína)
- Bulgarian: ни́шка (bg) f (níška), връв (bg) f (vrǎv)
- Burmese: ကြိုး (my) (krui:)
- Catalan: corda (ca) f, cordill (ca), cordell (ca) m
- Cantonese: 繩, 绳 (sing4-2), 線, 线 (sin3)
- Mandarin: 線 (zh), 线 (zh) (xiàn)
- Cornish: korden f
- Czech: provázek m, šňůra f
- Danish: streng c
- Dutch: draad (nl) m, koord (nl) n, streng (nl) m or f
- Esperanto: kordo
- Estonian: nöör (et)
- Faroese: strongur m
- Finnish: naru (fi), nyöri (fi)
- French: corde (fr) f
- Galician: corda (gl) f
- Georgian: სიმი (simi), ბაწარი (bac̣ari)
- German: Schnur (de) f, (music) Saite (de) f
- Greek: σπάγγος (el) m (spángos), σπάγκος (el) m (spágkos), κλωστή (el) f (klostí)
- Ancient: νῆμα n (nêma)
- Hebrew: מֵיתָר (he) (meitar)
- Hindi: तार (hi) (tār)
- Hungarian: zsineg (hu), zsinór (hu), madzag (hu), spárga (hu)
- Icelandic: band n, snæri n, spotti m, strengur (is) m
- Ido: kordeto (io)
- Irish: sreang (ga) f
- Italian: spago (it) m, stringa (it) f, laccetto m, legaccio (it) m
- Japanese: 紐 (ja) (ひも, himo)
- Khmer: ខ្សែ (km) (ksai)
- Korean: 끈 (ko) (kkeun)
- Sorani: بهند (bend), پهت (pet), دهزو (dezu)
- Lao: ດ້າຍ (dāi), ເຊືອກ (sư̄ak)
- Latin: līnum n, līnea f, fīlum n
- Latvian: stīga (lv) f, aukla f
- Lithuanian: styga f
- Macedonian: низа f (niza), врвка f (vrvka)
- Malay: tali
- Maori: aho, tau (mi) (of a garment)
- Mongolian: чавхдас (mn) (čavhdas)
- Norwegian: streng (no)
- Persian: رشته (fa) (rešte), زه (fa) (zeh), تار (fa) (târ)
- Polish: sznurek (pl) m
- Portuguese: barbante (pt) m, corda (pt) f, fio (pt) m
- Romanian: coardă (ro) f, șiret (ro) n, șnur (ro) n
- Russian: бечёвка (ru) f (bečóvka), верёвка (ru) f (verjóvka), шнур (ru) m (šnur)
- Scottish Gaelic: teud m
- Cyrillic: жицa f
- Roman: žica (sh)
- Slovak: šnúra f, povrázok m, špagát m
- Slovene: vrv (sl) f
- Spanish: cordel (es) m, mecate (es) m, (music) cuerda (es) f
- Swahili: uzi (sw)
- Swedish: snöre (sv) c
- Thai: ด้าย (th) (dâai), เชือก (th) (chʉ̂ʉak)
- Tibetan: སྐུད་པ (skud pa)
- Turkish: ip (tr), tel (tr) (music)
- Turkmen: tar, ýüp
- Ukrainian: верве́чка (uk) f (vervéčka), моту́зка f (motúzka), вірьо́вка f (virʹóvka), шво́рка f (švórka)
- Uzbek: tor (uz)
- Vietnamese: chuỗi (vi)
- Welsh: llinyn (cy) m
- Yiddish: שטריקל n (shtrikl)
- Yup'ik: pelacinak
- Zulu: intambo class 9/10
this structure as a substance
any similar long, thin and flexible object
- Mandarin: 弦 (zh) (xián) (bow, musical instrument), 琴弦 (zh) (qínxián) (musical instrument), 弓弦 (zh) (gōngxián) (in a bow)
- Finnish: nauha (fi), kieli (fi) (in a musical instrument), jänne (fi) (in a bow)
- Greek: χορδή (el) f (chordí)
- Hungarian: (thread/yarn/strand): szál (hu), (fiber/filament): rost (hu), (e.g. in a musical instrument or a bow): húr (hu), (shoelace): cipőfűző (hu)
- Italian: corda (it) f (in musical instrument)
- Japanese: 弦 (ja) (げん, gen) (in a musical instrument), 弓弦 (ゆづる, yuzuru, ゆみづる, yumizuru, ゆんづる, yunzuru) (bowstring)
cohesive substance in the form of a string
series of items or events
- Hungarian: sorozat (hu), sor (hu), láncolat (hu), füzér (hu)
- Italian: serie (it) f, sfilza f, sequela (it) f, fila (it) f, catena (it) f
- Romanian: șir (ro), serie (ro), suită (ro)
- Russian: ряд (ru) m (rjad), цепо́чка (ru) f (cepóčka), верени́ца (ru) f (vereníca), се́рия (ru) f (sérija)
- Slovak: sled m, reťaz f, sekvencia f, následnosť f
- Swedish: serie (sv) c, följd (sv) c, rad (sv) c
computing: sequence of characters
string of a musical instrument
stringed instruments section
physics: subject of study in string theory
slang: cannabis or marijuana
string (third-person singular simple present strings, present participle stringing, simple past and past participle strung)
- (transitive) To put (items) on a string.
- You can string these beads on to this cord to make a colorful necklace.
- (transitive) To put strings on (something).
- It is difficult to string a tennis racket properly.
- (intransitive) To form into a string or strings, as a substance which is stretched, or people who are moving along, etc.
- (intransitive, billiards) To drive the ball against the end of the table and back, in order to determine which player is to open the game.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked