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See also: Vis, vís, viš, víš, -vis, Vis., and вис

Contents

EnglishEdit

 vis on Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin vis.

NounEdit

vis (plural vires)

  1. Force; energy; might; power.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

vis

  1. Abbreviation of viscount.

Etymology 3Edit

From Tamil வீசை (vīcai) and/or Telugu వీసె (vīse)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vis (plural visses)

  1. Alternative spelling of viss

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch vis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vis (plural visse, diminutive vissie)

  1. fish

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *uitśi-(ā), from Proto-Indo-European *weyḱ- (house, settlement). Cognate to Sanskrit विश् (víś, settlement, community, tribe), Ancient Greek οἰκία (oikía, house), Latin vicus (village).

NounEdit

vis m (indefinite plural vise, definite singular visi, definite plural viset)

  1. place, land, country

Derived termsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. second-person singular imperative of viset

AnagramsEdit


DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vādō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. (first-person singular indicative present) of zer

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

vis c

  1. manner, way
    Altså må jeg finde æblerne på anden vis.
    In conclusion, I must find the apples some other way.

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vis

  1. wise

InflectionEdit

Inflection of vis
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular vis visere visest2
Neuter singular vist visere visest2
Plural vise visere visest2
Definite attributive1 vise visere viseste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse viss, from Proto-Germanic *gawissaz.

AdjectiveEdit

vis

  1. sure, certain
    den visse død
    certain death
  2. certain, a
    En vis hr. Broholm vil tale med Dem.
    A mr. Broholm wishes to speak with you.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of vis
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular vis 2
Neuter singular vist 2
Plural visse 2
Definite attributive1 visse
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

VerbEdit

vis

  1. imperative of vise

DutchEdit

FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French viz, from Latin vītis (vine).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vis f (plural vis)

  1. screw (metal fastener)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See vivre.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. inflection of vivre:
    1. first/second-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular present imperative

Etymology 3Edit

See voir.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. first/second-person singular past historic of voir

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *wīs, from Proto-Indo-European *wéyh₁s (force, vehemence), from *weyh₁- (to rush). Cognate with Ancient Greek ἴς (ís, strength). See also via, invītus, invītō, Ancient Greek οἶμος (oîmos).

NounEdit

vīs f (irregular, genitive *vīs); third declension

  1. force, power, strength
  2. violence
    ad vim atque ad arma confugereto fly to violence and fighting
  3. (figuratively) assault, affront
  4. (New Latin, physics) energy, force
Usage notesEdit

The plural forms of this noun are often treated as a separate plurale tantum noun.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (irregular, defective).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīs vīrēs
Genitive *vīs vīrium
Dative *vī vīribus
Accusative vim vīrēs
vīrīs
Ablative vīribus
Vocative vīs vīrēs
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From volō (wish).

VerbEdit

vīs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of volō
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • vis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • there is a storm at sea: mare ventorum vi agitatur et turbatur
    • straight on: rectā (viā)
    • to wish any one a prosperous journey: aliquem proficiscentem votis ominibusque prosequi (vid. sect. VI. 11, note Prosequi...)
    • to be robust, vigorous: bonis esse viribus
    • as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro viribus or pro mea parte
    • to burst into a flood of tears: lacrimas, vim lacrimarum effundere, profundere
    • to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • to lay hands on oneself: manus, vim sibi afferre
    • to perform the last offices of affection: supremis officiis aliquem prosequi (vid sect. VI. 11., note Prosequi...)
    • to have considerable influence on a question: magnam vim habere ad aliquid
    • to be favoured by Fortune; to bask in Fortune's smiles: fortunae favore or prospero flatu fortunae uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • to wish prosperity to an undertaking: aliquid optimis ominibus prosequi (vid. sect. VI. 11., note Prosequi...)
    • to honour, show respect for, a person: aliquem honore afficere, augere, ornare, prosequi (vid. sect. VI. 11., note Prosequi...)
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnibus viribusor nervis contendere, ut
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omni ope atque opera or omni virium contentione eniti, ut
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: pro viribus eniti et laborare, ut
    • there seems a prospect of armed violence; things look like violence: res spectat ad vim (arma)
    • to express clearly, make a lifelike representation of a thing: exprimere aliquid verbis or oratione (vid. sect. VI. 3, note adumbrare...)
    • to possess presence of mind: praesenti animo uti (vid. sect. VI. 8, note uti...)
    • to behave with cruelty: crudelitate uti (vid. sect. VI. 8, note uti...)
    • to use insulting expressions to any one: contumeliosis vocibus prosequi aliquem (vid. sect. VI. 11, note Prosequi...)
    • to use violence against some one: vim adhibere, facere alicui
    • to do violence to a person: vim inferre alicui
    • to kill with violence: vim et manus afferre alicui (Catil. 1. 8. 21)
    • to meet force by force: vim vi depellere
    • to meet force by force: vi vim illatam defendere
    • to vote (in the popular assembly): suffragium ferre (vid. sect. VI. 4, note Not sententiam...)
    • to accuse a person of violence, poisoning: accusare aliquem de vi, de veneficiis
    • to procure a very large supply of corn: frumenti vim maximam comparare
    • by force of arms: vi et armis
    • to force a way, a passage: iter tentare per vim (cf. sect. II. 3)
    • to have recourse to force of arms: ad vim et arma descendere (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly...)
    • to fight hand-to-hand, at close quarters: collatis signis (viribus) pugnare
    • (ambiguous) the frost set in so severely that..: tanta vis frigoris insecuta est, ut
    • (ambiguous) bodily strength: vires corporis or merely vires
    • (ambiguous) to gain strength: vires colligere
    • (ambiguous) to lose strength: vires aliquem deficiunt
    • (ambiguous) as long as one's strength holds out: dum vires suppetunt
    • (ambiguous) to become old and feeble: vires consenescunt
    • (ambiguous) vivid, lively imagination: ingenii vis or celeritas
    • (ambiguous) what do you mean to do: quid tibi vis?
    • (ambiguous) oratorical power: vis dicendi
    • (ambiguous) what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quae est vis huius verbi?
    • (ambiguous) the fundamental meaning of a word: vis et notio verbi, vocabuli
    • (ambiguous) enthusiasm: ardor, inflammatio animi, incitatio mentis, mentis vis incitatior
  • vis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • vis in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

LatvianEdit

ParticleEdit

vis (invariable)

  1. Used to strengthen denying of the verb
    nav visnot at all
    es neiešu visI shall not go

AdverbEdit

vis

  1. very, most (synonym of word pats)

Middle FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French vis.

NounEdit

vis m (plural vis)

  1. face

DescendantsEdit


NormanEdit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. first-person singular preterite of vaie

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse víss

AdjectiveEdit

vis (neuter singular vist, definite singular and plural vise, comparative visere, indefinite superlative visest, definite superlative viseste)

  1. wise

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. imperative of vise

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse vís. Akin to English wise.

NounEdit

vis m (definite singular visen, indefinite plural visar, definite plural visane)
vis f (definite singular visa, indefinite plural viser, definite plural visene)
vis n (definite singular viset, indefinite plural vis, definite plural visa)

  1. a way, manner
    Dette har vore gjort på ulik vis.
    This has been done in different ways.
    Her gjer me det på dette viset.
    We do it in this manner here.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse víss. Akin to English wise.

AdjectiveEdit

vis (masculine and feminine vis, neuter vist, definite singular and plural vise, comparative visare, indefinite superlative visast, definite superlative visaste)

  1. wise
    Han er ein vis mann.
    He is a wise man.

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

vis

  1. imperative of visa

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vīsus (act of looking; appearance).

NounEdit

vis m (oblique plural vis, nominative singular vis, nominative plural vis)

  1. (anatomy) face
  2. opinion

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PiedmonteseEdit

NounEdit

vis f (plural vis)

  1. vine

PortugueseEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vis

  1. Masculine and feminine plural of adjective vil.

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vīsum.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [vis]

NounEdit

vis n (plural visuri or vise)

  1. dream; vision

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *vysь.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vȋs m (Cyrillic spelling ви̑с)

  1. (expressively, in the literature) height
    dići u visto raise,elevate
    skok u vishigh jump
  2. summit (of a hill)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • vis” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse víss, from Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable).

AdjectiveEdit

vis

  1. wise

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of vis
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular vis visare visast
Neuter singular vist visare visast
Plural visa visare visast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 vise visare visaste
All visa visare visaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Usage notesEdit

  • In de tre vise männen (the three wise men), an antiquated weak masculine plural form vise is used.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse vís, from Proto-Germanic *wīsą.

NounEdit

vis n

  1. a way; manner in which something is done or happens

DeclensionEdit

Declension of vis 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative vis viset vis visen
Genitive vis visets vis visens

SynonymsEdit


WestrobothnianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse víss, from Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable.)

AdjectiveEdit

vi:s (neuter vist)

  1. aware
    ja voʈʈ int vis de
    I didn't notice you.
    han vart eint vis bjenom i ti
    He didn’t notice the bear in time.

ZealandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch visch, from Old Dutch fisc, from Proto-Germanic *fiskaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pisḱ-.

NounEdit

vis m (plural [please provide])

  1. fish