Polish edit

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Deverbal from oddzielić.[1] First attested in 1572.[2] Compare Kashubian òddzél, Russian отде́л (otdél), and Silesian ôddzioł.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

oddział m inan (diminutive oddzialik, related adjective oddziałowy)

  1. (military) unit, squad (group of soldiers)
    Synonyms: formacja, jednostka, poczet
  2. department, branch (particular part of an enterprise or institution specialized in something)
    Synonyms: dział, wydział
    1. department, branch (those working in such a part)
  3. branch (part of a large enterprise or institution that is an independent facility)
    Synonyms: agenda, ekspozytura, filia
    1. department, branch (those working in such a part)
  4. ward (part of a hospital where patients reside)
    1. ward (building holding such a part)
    2. ward (those working in such a part)
  5. (somewhat archaic) grade (one of the groups into which children or adolescents are divided at school or kindergarten)
    Synonym: klasa
  6. (obsolete, originally) team (any organized group of people)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit


Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), oddział is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 12 times in scientific texts, 49 times in news, 8 times in essays, 23 times in fiction, and 6 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 98 times, making it the 643rd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[3]

References edit

  1. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “oddział”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  2. ^ Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “oddział”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  3. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “oddział”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 313

Further reading edit