See also: unît

English

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Etymology

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Formerly unite, a later form of unity; see unity.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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unit (plural units)

  1. (mathematics) Oneness, singularity, seen as a component of a whole number; a magnitude of one. [from 16th c.]
    • 1570, John Dee, in H. Billingsley (trans.) Euclid, Elements of Geometry, Preface:
      Number, we define, to be, a certayne Mathematicall Sũme, of Vnits. [Note the worde, Vnit, to expresse the Greke Monas, & not Vnitie: as we haue all, commonly, till now, vsed.]
  2. (sciences) A standard measure of a quantity.
    The centimetre is a unit of length.
  3. The number one.
  4. Ellipsis of international unit.
    This pill provides 500 units of Vitamin E.
  5. An organized group comprising people and/or equipment.
    He was a member of a special police unit.
  6. (military, informal) A member of a military organization.
    The fifth tank brigade moved in with 20 units. (i.e., 20 tanks)
  7. (commerce) An item which may be sold singly.
    We shipped nearly twice as many units this month as last month.
  8. (US, UK, Australia, New Zealand) any piece of equipment, such as an appliance, power tool, stereo system, computer, tractor, or machinery.
    This air-conditioner is the most efficient unit we sell.
  9. (US, Australia, New Zealand) a measure of housing equivalent to the living quarters of one household; an apartment where a group of apartments is contained in one or more multi-storied buildings or a group of dwellings is in one or more single storey buildings, usually arranged around a driveway.
    The new apartment complex will have 50 units.
  10. (medicine) A quantity of approximately 517 milliliters (1.1 U.S. pints) of blood.
  11. (US, military) Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority, such as a table of organization and equipment; specifically, part of an organization.[1]
  12. (US, military) An organization title of a subdivision of a group in a task force.[1]
  13. (US, military) A standard or basic quantity into which an item of supply is divided, issued, or detailed. In this meaning, also called unit of issue.[1]
  14. (US, military) With regard to Reserve Components of the Armed Forces, denotes a Selected Reserve unit organized, equipped, and trained for mobilization to serve on active duty as a unit or to augment or be augmented by another unit. Headquarters and support functions without wartime missions are not considered units.[1]
  15. (algebra) The identity element, neutral element.
    • 2005, Serge Lang, Algebra, 3rd edition, Springer, →ISBN, page 3:
      An element 𝑒 of 𝑆 such that 𝑒𝑥 = 𝑥 = 𝑥𝑒 for all 𝑥 ∈ 𝑆 is called a unit element. (When the law of composition is written additively, the unit element is denoted by 0, and is called a zero element.)
  16. (algebra) An element having an inverse, an invertible element; an associate of the unity.
    Hypernym: regular element
    • 1990, A. I. Kostrikin, I. R. Shafarevich, editors, Algebra I, Springer, →ISBN, page 22:
      Let 𝐴 be an arbitrary integral domain. We say that an element 𝑎 ∈ 𝐴 is invertible or is a unit of 𝐴 if it has an inverse in 𝐴; in ℤ the units are ±1, []
  17. (category theory) In an adjunction, a natural transformation from the identity functor of the domain of the left adjoint functor to the composition of the right adjoint functor with the left adjoint functor.
  18. (geology) A volume of rock or ice of identifiable origin and age range that is defined by the distinctive and dominant, easily mapped and recognizable petrographic, lithologic or paleontologic features (facies) that characterize it.
    • 2012, Chinle Miller, In Mesozoic Lands: The Mesozoic Geology of Arches and Canyonlands National Parks, Kindle edition:
      For example, the Moenkopi Formation was named for the small settlement of Moenkopi, Arizona where the formation was first defined as being a separate unit from the rocks above and beneath it.
  19. (UK) A unit of alcohol.
  20. (UK, electricity) One kilowatt-hour (as recorded on an electricity meter).
  21. (historical) A gold coin of the reign of James I, worth twenty shillings.
  22. A work unit.
  23. (UK, Australia, slang) A physically large person.
    • 2018 December 11, “Aylesbury goalkeeper, 14, dies after match injury”, in BBC News:
      Luca's father, Americo Campanaro, said: "I feel like my heart has been ripped out."
      Mr Campanaro added: "He was a big lad, a big unit, that's why he was a goalkeeper, with a big heart to match. A gentle giant."
  24. (US, slang, vulgar) A penis, especially a large one.

Synonyms

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Hyponyms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective

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unit (not comparable)

  1. For each unit.
    We have to keep our unit costs down if we want to make a profit.
  2. (mathematics) Having a size or magnitude of one.
    • 1990, William W. S. Wei, Time Series Analysis, →ISBN, page 9:
      Consider the following time sequence
       ,
      where   is a random variable with a zero mean and a unit variance and   is a random variable with a uniform distribution on the interval   independent of  .

Translations

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Joint Publication 1-02 U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms; 12 April 2001 (As Amended Through 14 April 2006).

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Bikol Central

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʔunit/, [ˈʔu.n̪it]
  • Hyphenation: u‧nit

Noun

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únit (Basahan spelling ᜂᜈᜒᜆ᜔)

  1. (Tabaco–Legazpi–Sorsogon, anatomy) skin; scalp
    Synonyms: kublit, balat

Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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unit (feminine unida, masculine plural units, feminine plural unides)

  1. united

Derived terms

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Participle

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unit (feminine unida, masculine plural units, feminine plural unides)

  1. past participle of unir

French

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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unit

  1. inflection of unir:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person singular past historic

Anagrams

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Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

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From English unit.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈʊnɪt̚]
  • Hyphenation: unit

Noun

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unit (first-person possessive unitku, second-person possessive unitmu, third-person possessive unitnya)

  1. unit:
    1. (mathematics) oneness, singularity, seen as a component of a whole number; a magnitude of one.
      Synonym: satuan
    2. (sciences) a standard measure of a quantity.

Classifier

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unit

  1. Classifier for singularity.

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Latin

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Verb

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ūnit

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of ūniō

Occitan

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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unit

  1. past participle of unir

Romanian

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Etymology

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Past participle of uni.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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unit m or n (feminine singular unită, masculine plural uniți, feminine and neuter plural unite)

  1. united

Declension

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Verb

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unit (past participle of uni)

  1. past participle of uni

Welsh

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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unit

  1. (literary) second-person singular imperfect/conditional of uno

Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
unit unchanged unchanged hunit
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.