See also: óður

Middle English edit

Noun edit


  1. Alternative form of odour

Old French edit

Etymology edit

Latin odor

Noun edit

odur oblique singularm (oblique plural odurs, nominative singular odurs, nominative plural odur)

  1. odour; scent; smell

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *udros, from Proto-Indo-European *udrós (aquatic).[1] Matasović is unsure on how the semantics arose, but it might be either from the colour of the water itself or that of the otters within.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit


  1. dun, greyish-brown
    • c. 850, Carlsruhe Glosses on St Augustine’s Soliloquia, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. 2, pp. 1–9, Acr. 32d
      saurus .i. odur(with saurus assumed to be a vulgar form of surrufus)

Inflection edit

Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative odur odur odur
Vocative uidir*
Accusative odur uidir
Genitive uidir uidre uidir
Dative odur uidir odur
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative uidir odra
Vocative odru
Accusative odru
Genitive odur
Dative odraib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Descendants edit

  • Middle Irish: odor, odar

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
odur unchanged n-odur
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*uden-sk-yo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 395

Further reading edit