brown

See also: Brown

Contents

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English broun, from Old English brūn ‎(brown; dark; dusky), from Proto-Germanic *brūnaz (compare West Frisian brún, Dutch bruin, German braun), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHn- (compare Ancient Greek φρύνη ‎(phrúnē), φρῦνος ‎(phrûnos, toad)), enlargement of *bʰrew- ‎(shiny; brown) (compare Lithuanian bė́ras ‎(brown), Sanskrit बभ्रु ‎(babhrú, reddish-brown)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

brown ‎(plural browns)

  1. A colour like that of chocolate or coffee.
    The browns and greens in this painting give it a nice woodsy feel.
    brown colour:    
  2. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 4 points.
  3. Black tar heroin.
  4. (sometimes capitalised) A person of Middle Eastern, Latino or South Asian descent; a brown-skinned person; someone of mulatto or biracial appearance.

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

brown ‎(comparative browner or more brown, superlative brownest or most brown)

  1. Having a brown colour.
  2. (obsolete) Gloomy.
  3. (sometimes capitalized) Of or relating to any of various ethnic groups having dark pigmentation of the skin.

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

DescendantsEdit

VerbEdit

brown ‎(third-person singular simple present browns, present participle browning, simple past and past participle browned)

  1. (intransitive) To become brown.
    Fry the onions until they brown.
  2. (cooking, transitive) To cook something until it becomes brown.
    Brown the onions in a large frying pan.
  3. (intransitive, transitive) To tan.
    Light-skinned people tend to brown when exposed to the sun.
  4. (transitive) To make brown or dusky.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Barlow, (Please provide the title of the work):
      A trembling twilight o'er the welkin moves, / Browns the dim void and darkens deep the groves.
  5. (transitive) To give a bright brown colour to, as to gun barrels, by forming a thin coating of oxide on their surface.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ure to this entry?)
  6. (demography, transitive, intransitive, slang) To turn progressively more Middle Eastern, Hispanic or Latino, in the context of the population of a geographic region.
    the browning of America

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     red      green      yellow      cream      white
     crimson      magenta      teal      lime      pink
     indigo      blue      orange      gray, grey      violet
     black      purple      brown      azure, sky blue      cyan

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from English brown.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

brown ‎(feminine singular brown, plural brown)

  1. brown

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
brown frown mrown unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See alsoEdit

Colors in Welsh · lliwiau (layout · text)
     coch      gwyrdd      melyn      melynwyn      gwyn
     rhudd      ?      ?      ?      pinc
     ?      glas      oren, melyngoch      llwyd      fioled
     du      porffor      brown      asur, gwynlas      gwyrddlas
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