From Middle English broun, from Old English brūn (“brown; dark; dusky”), from Proto-Germanic *brūnaz (compare West Frisian brún, Dutch bruin, German braun), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH- (compare Ancient Greek φρύνη (phrúnē), φρῦνος (phrûnos, “toad”); Latin brunneus (“brown”)), compare Lithuanian bė́ras (“brown”), Sanskrit बभ्रु (babhrú, “reddish-brown”)). Doublet of bruin.
- (countable and uncountable) A colour like that of chocolate or coffee.
- The browns and greens in this painting give it a nice woodsy feel.
- (snooker, countable) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 4 points.
- (uncountable) Black tar heroin.
- (slang, archaic, countable) A copper coin.
- 1883, “The Omnibus”, in London Town:
- "We've not had any breakfast,—won't you toss us down a brown?"—
That's what they call a penny in the streets of London Town.
- A brown horse or other animal.
- 1877, George Nevile, Horses and Riding, page 105:
- […] browns are the soberest, bays are the worst tempered, and chestnuts are the most foolish.
- (sometimes capitalised, countable) A person of Middle Eastern, Latino or South Asian descent; a brown-skinned person; someone of mulatto or biracial appearance.
- 1959, Anthony Burgess, Beds in the East (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 516:
- The two youths, the brown and the yellow, faced each other at the cross-roads, under a dim street-lamp.
- (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies of subfamily Satyrinae (formerly the family Satyridae).
- (entomology) Any of certain species of nymphalid butterflies of subfamily Satyrinae, such as those of the genera Heteronympha and Melanitis.
- (informal) A brown trout (Salmo trutta).
- Having a brown colour.
- (obsolete) Gloomy.
- (sometimes capitalized) Of or relating to any of various ethnic groups having dark pigmentation of the skin.
- (intransitive) To become brown.
- Fry the onions until they brown.
- (cooking, transitive) To cook something until it becomes brown.
- Brown the onions in a large frying pan.
- (intransitive, transitive) To tan.
- Light-skinned people tend to brown when exposed to the sun.
- (transitive) To make brown or dusky.
- 1807, Joel Barlow, The Columbiad:
- A trembling twilight o'er the welkin moves, / Browns the dim void and darkens deep the groves.
- (transitive) To give a bright brown colour to, as to gun barrels, by forming a thin coating of oxide on their surface.
- 1860, Andrew Ure, Ure’s Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines, page 463:
- It is mixed uniformly with olive oil, and rubbed upon the iron slightly heated, which is afterwards exposed to the air, till the wished-for degree of browning is produced.
- (demography, transitive, intransitive, slang, ethnic slur, usually derogatory, offensive) To turn progressively more Middle Eastern, Hispanic or Latino, in the context of the population of a geographic region.
- the browning of America
- (transitive) To treat with deference, or respect.
- 1961, Hailey, Arthur, “Chapter Eleven: The White House”, in In High Places (fiction, e-book, hardcover, paperback):
- James Howden dropped into an upholstered wing chair. “They certainly did us brown last night,” he remarked. “You’d think if they are making a switch, being considerate and so on, they’d be a bit more subtle.”
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- brown adipose tissue
- brown ale
- brown bastard
- brown bear
- Brown Bess
- Brown Betty
- brown bread
- brown coal
- brown dwarf
- brown earth
- brown falcon
- brown fat
- brown goods
- brown hawk
- brown lacewing
- brown lung
- brown mustard
- brown note
- brown paper
- brown patch
- brown rat
- brown rice
- brown rot
|Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)|
|red; crimson||orange; brown||yellow; cream|
|cyan; teal||azure, sky blue||blue|
|violet; indigo||magenta; purple||pink|
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
|Colors in Welsh · lliwiau (layout · text)|
|coch; rhudd||oren, melyngoch; brown||melyn; melynwyn|
|gwyrddlas; glaswyrdd||asur, gwynlas||glas|
|fioled; indigo||majenta; porffor||pinc|