Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *abateuhan, from Proto-Germanic *abateuhaną; cognates include Gothic 𐌰𐍆𐍄𐌹𐌿𐌷𐌰𐌽 (aftiuhan). By surface analysis, of- +‎ tēon.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. to take away, withdraw
  2. to withhold, deprive
    • Oft Scyld Scēfing sceaþena þrēatum, manegum mǣgþum medu-setla oftēah.
      Shild Sheving often bested his many various enemies in battle.
      (literally, “Oft Shild Sheving took mead-settles away from fends' hosts, from many tribes.”)
      (Beowulf ll. 4-5, edited and translated by Mountebank1)

Conjugation edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle English: ten