peculium (plural peculia)
- (law, historical) The savings of a son or a slave, with the father's or master's consent; a little property or stock of one's own.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
- A special fund for private and personal uses.
- 1815 February 24, [Walter Scott], Guy Mannering; […], volume (please specify |volume=I, II, or III), Edinburgh: […] James Ballantyne and Co. for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, […]; and Archibald Constable and Co., […], OCLC 742335644:
- Still, however, he gained something, and it was the glory of his heart to carry it to Mr MacMorlan weekly, a slight peculium only subtracted, to supply his snuff-box and tobacco-pouch.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for peculium in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
- (Classical) IPA(key): /peˈkuː.li.um/, [pɛˈkuː.lʲi.ʊ̃ˑ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /peˈku.li.um/, [pɛˈkuː.li.um]
Often used in Ancient Rome to refer to the payment a teaching slave would occasionally collect from his students.
Second-declension noun (neuter).
1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).
- peculium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- peculium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- peculium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- peculium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- peculium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- peculium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin