EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From French (essence de) pétrole, from Medieval Latin petroleum, from Ancient Greek πετρέλαιον (petrélaion, oil of the rock), from πέτρα (pétra, stone, rock)+ ἔλαιον (élaion, olive oil, any oily substance).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

petrol (usually uncountable, plural petrols)

  1. (chiefly Australia, UK, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Singapore) Petroleum, a fluid consisting of a mixture of refined petroleum hydrocarbons, primarily consisting of octane, commonly used as a motor fuel.
    • 1987 October 29, Advertisement, New Scientist, page 31,
      We were the first company to introduce unleaded petrol in Britain, opening our first pump in June 1986.
    • 2000 September 27, Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 106th Congress, Second Session, Volume 146, Part 14, page 19605,
      European oil firms are beginning to follow the example of their American counterparts by adding convenience stores to their pumps: the typical American petrol station now makes some 40 percent of its profits from the sale of non-oil products, such as cigarettes and beer.
    • 2003, S. Srinivasan, Automotive Mechanics, Tata McGraw Hill, India, 2nd Edition, page 149,
      At a crank angle 6° before the TDC, the electric spark ignites the petrol mixture.
    • 2006 February 10, Kenya Gazette, page 354,
      He also admitted that when big trucks bring in petrol, they park along Langata Road [] .
    • 2006 August, Economic Scenario, Pratiyogita Darpan, page 218,
      The increase in rates comes just a few days after India raised petrol prices by 9-2% and diesel prices by 6-6% which boosed inflation expectations in Indian economy.
    • 2008, Robin Stonecash, Joshua Gans, Stephen King, Gregory Mankiw, Principles of Macroeconomics, Cengage Learning Australia, page 122,
      Most major Australian cities receive their petrol from a single refinery.
  2. (informal) A motor vehicle powered by petrol (as opposed to diesel).
    • 2016, Honest John, George Fowler, Car-tastrophes: 80 Automotive Atrocities from the past 20 years
      However, I do feel entitled to criticise the car. There are lots of different versions: manuals and automatics; petrols and diesels; two-wheel drives and four-wheel drives, and it's possible to spend thirty grand on one.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: petrol
  • Tibetan: པེ་ཊོལ (pe ṭol)

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French pétrole.

NounEdit

petrol n (plural petroluri)

  1. petroleum, oil

DeclensionEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French pétrole.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

petrol (definite accusative petrolü, plural petroller)

  1. petroleum, oil

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative petrol
Definite accusative petrolü
Singular Plural
Nominative petrol petroller
Definite accusative petrolü petrolleri
Dative petrole petrollere
Locative petrolde petrollerde
Ablative petrolden petrollerden
Genitive petrolün petrollerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular petrolüm petrollerim
2nd singular petrolün petrollerin
3rd singular petrolü petrolleri
1st plural petrolümüz petrollerimiz
2nd plural petrolünüz petrolleriniz
3rd plural petrolleri petrolleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular petrolümü petrollerimi
2nd singular petrolünü petrollerini
3rd singular petrolünü petrollerini
1st plural petrolümüzü petrollerimizi
2nd plural petrolünüzü petrollerinizi
3rd plural petrollerini petrollerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular petrolüme petrollerime
2nd singular petrolüne petrollerine
3rd singular petrolüne petrollerine
1st plural petrolümüze petrollerimize
2nd plural petrolünüze petrollerinize
3rd plural petrollerine petrollerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular petrolümde petrollerimde
2nd singular petrolünde petrollerinde
3rd singular petrolünde petrollerinde
1st plural petrolümüzde petrollerimizde
2nd plural petrolünüzde petrollerinizde
3rd plural petrollerinde petrollerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular petrolümden petrollerimden
2nd singular petrolünden petrollerinden
3rd singular petrolünden petrollerinden
1st plural petrolümüzden petrollerimizden
2nd plural petrolünüzden petrollerinizden
3rd plural petrollerinden petrollerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular petrolümün petrollerimin
2nd singular petrolünün petrollerinin
3rd singular petrolünün petrollerinin
1st plural petrolümüzün petrollerimizin
2nd plural petrolünüzün petrollerinizin
3rd plural petrollerinin petrollerinin