English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Dutch gas, coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont in Ortus Medicinae. Derived from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void, empty space); perhaps also inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit). Doublet of chaos. First attested in 1648.

Noun edit

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, chemistry) Matter in an intermediate state between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid, or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly by deposition.
    • 2013 July–August, Lee S. Langston, “The Adaptable Gas Turbine”, in American Scientist[1], archived from the original on 7 September 2013:
      Turbines have been around for a long time—windmills and water wheels are early examples. The name comes from the Latin turbo, meaning vortex, and thus the defining property of a turbine is that a fluid or gas turns the blades of a rotor, which is attached to a shaft that can perform useful work.
    A lot of gas had escaped from the cylinder.
    Synonyms: vapor, vapour
    1. (uncountable) A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles, especially natural gas.
      Gas-fired power stations have largely replaced coal-burning ones.
    2. (uncountable, military) Poison gas.
      The artillery fired gas shells into the enemy trenches.
  2. (countable, chemistry) A chemical element or compound in such a state.
    The atmosphere is made up of a number of different gases.
  3. (countable) A hob on a gas cooker.
    She turned the gas on, put the potatoes on, then lit the oven.
  4. (uncountable) Methane or other waste gases trapped in one's belly as a result of the digestive process; flatus.
    Synonym: wind
    My tummy hurts so bad – I have gas.
    • 2008, Nicholas Drayson, A Guide to the Birds of East Africa, page 72:
      But anyone with that many large brown birds aroost in his cranium and that much gas in his bottom was clearly not a well person.
  5. (slang, dated) A humorous or entertaining event, person or thing.
    • 1963 May, Gloria Steinem, “A Bunny's Tale”, in Show Magazine[2], archived from the original on 2017-10-04:
      Two more girls came in, one in bright pink stretch pants and the other in purple. “Man this place is a gas,” said pink.
    • 1971, Marc Bolan (lyrics and music), “Life's a Gas”, in Electric Warrior, performed by T. Rex:
      No it really doesn't matter at all / Life's a gas / I hope it's going to last
    • 1973 March 1, “Money” (track 6), in The Dark Side of the Moon[3], performed by Pink Floyd:
      Money, it's a gas. Grab that cash with both hands and make a stash.
    • 1978, “Heart of Glass”, in Parallel Lines, performed by Blondie:
      Once I had a love and it was a gas / Soon turned out had a heart of glass
    • 1979, “Belsen Was a Gas”, in The Great Rock ‘n’ Roll Swindle, performed by Sex Pistols:
      Be a man, Be a man / Belsen was a gas / Be a man, kill someone
    • 2011 October 11, “Jumping Jack Flash (Live 1973)” (track 14), in Brussels Affair (Live 1973)[4], performed by The Rolling Stones:
      One two! I was born in a cross-fire hurricane. And I howled at the maw in the drivin' rain. But it's all right now, in fact, it's a gas. But it's all right. I'm Jumpin' Jack Flash. It's a gas, gas, gas.
  6. (slang) Frothy or boastful talk; chatter.
    • 2017 July 1, “About That”, performed by Soph Aspin and Millie B:
      Bang, little boy, stop with the gas / Little T, man he chats up his ass
  7. (baseball) A fastball.
    The closer threw him nothing but gas.
  8. (medicine, colloquial) Arterial or venous blood gas.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
See also edit

Verb edit

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (transitive) To attack or kill with poison gas.
    The Nazis gassed millions of Jews during the Holocaust.
    He never fully recovered after he was gassed on the Western Front.
  2. (intransitive, slang) To talk in a boastful or vapid way; chatter.
    • 1899, Stephen Crane, chapter 1, in Twelve O'Clock:
      [] (it was the town's humour to be always gassing of phantom investors who were likely to come any moment and pay a thousand prices for everything) — “ [] Them rich fellers, they don't make no bad breaks with their money. []
    • 1955, C. S. Lewis, chapter 3, in The Magician's Nephew, Collins, published 1998:
      "Well don't keep on gassing about it," said Digory.
  3. (transitive, slang) To impose upon by talking boastfully.
    • 2018 September 14, “Don't Gas Me” (track 1), in Don't Gas Me[5], performed by Dizzy Rascal:
      I went shop and the boss man said "Don't pay me it's fine" and I said ...(whaaat): "You ain't gotta gas, I'm gas fam" ( don't gas me), "You ain't gotta gas, I'm gas fam".
  4. (intransitive) To emit gas.
    The battery cell was gassing.
  5. (transitive) To impregnate with gas.
    to gas lime with chlorine in the manufacture of bleaching powder
  6. (transitive) To singe, as in a gas flame, so as to remove loose fibers.
    to gas thread
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of gasoline.

Noun edit

gas (countable and uncountable, plural gases or gasses)

  1. (uncountable, Canada, US, New Zealand) Gasoline, a light derivative of petroleum used as fuel.
    Synonyms: (US) gasoline, (British) petrol, see also Thesaurus:petroleum
  2. (uncountable, Canada, US, by extension) Ellipsis of gas pedal.
  3. (uncountable, cryptocurrencies) An internal virtual currency used in Ethereum to pay for certain operations, such as blockchain transactions.
    Coordinate term: Ether
    gas fee
    • 2018, Andreas M. Antonopoulos, Gavin Wood, Mastering Ethereum: Building Smart Contracts and DApps[6], O'Reilly Media, →ISBN:
      Gas is the fuel of Ethereum. Gas is not ether–it's a separate virtual currency with its own exchange rate against ether. Ethereum uses gas to control the amount of resources that transactions can use []
    • 2021 November 6, Ben Butler, “Australian banks are opening up to cryptocurrency: what does it mean for you?”, in The Guardian[7]:
      The average “gas fee” – transaction cost – of an Ethereum transaction is between US$85 and US $156, according to crypto.com data.
  4. (slang, uncountable) Marijuana, typically of high quality.
Derived terms edit
Terms derived from gas (gasoline)
Translations edit

Verb edit

gas (third-person singular simple present gases or gasses, present participle gassing, simple past and past participle gassed)

  1. (US) To give a vehicle more fuel in order to accelerate it.
    Synonyms: hit the gas, step on the gas
    The cops are coming. Gas it!
  2. (US) To fill (a vehicle's fuel tank) with fuel.
    Synonym: refuel
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Compare the slang usage of "a gas", above.

Adjective edit

gas (comparative gasser, superlative gassest)

  1. (slang) Comical, zany; fun, amusing.
    Mary's new boyfriend is a gas man.
    It was gas when the bird flew into the classroom.
    • 2016, Liz Nugent, Lying In Wait, →ISBN, page 113:
      The other models were gas fun, though they were all a bit hoity-toity.
    • 2018 September 14, “Don't Gas Me” (track 1), in Don't Gas Me[8], performed by Dizzy Rascal:
      I went shop and the boss man said "Don't pay me it's fine" and I said ...(whaaat): "You ain't gotta gas, I'm gas fam" ( don't gas me), "You ain't gotta gas, I'm gas fam".

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch gast.

Noun edit

gas (plural gaste)

  1. guest

Etymology 2 edit

From Dutch gas.

Noun edit

gas (plural gasse)

  1. gas (substance in gaseous phase)

Basque edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gas inan

  1. gas

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gas m (plural gasos)

  1. gas

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Chinese edit

Etymology edit

From English gas.

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

gas

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) gas (fuel)

Derived terms edit

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Coined by chemist Jan Baptiste van Helmont in Ortus Medicinae (1648), by way of deliberate similarity to Greek χάος (cháos, chasm, void, chaos).

Noun edit

gas n (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. gas
  2. liquefied petroleum gas
    Synonyms: autogas, LPG
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Afrikaans: gas
  • Caribbean Javanese: gas
  • English: gas
  • French: gaz
  • German: Gas
  • Saramaccan: gási
  • West Frisian: gas

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch gasse (unpaved street), from Middle High German gazze, from Old High German gazza, from Proto-Germanic *gatwǭ.

Noun edit

gas f (plural gassen, diminutive gasje n)

  1. unpaved street

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

gas

  1. inflection of gassen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Galician edit

Noun edit

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas
    Synonym: vapor

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Noun edit

gas n (genitive singular gass, nominative plural gös)

  1. gas (state of matter)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from French gaze.

Noun edit

gas n (genitive singular gass, no plural)

  1. gauze
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch gas (gas), a term coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by geest (breath, vapour, spirit) or by chaos (chaos), from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡas]
  • Hyphenation: gas

Noun edit

gas (plural gas-gas, first-person possessive gasku, second-person possessive gasmu, third-person possessive gasnya)

  1. gas
    1. (chemistry, physics) Matter in a state intermediate between liquid and plasma that can be contained only if it is fully surrounded by a solid (or in a bubble of liquid) (or held together by gravitational pull); it can condense into a liquid, or can (rarely) become a solid directly.
    2. A flammable gaseous hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture (typically predominantly methane) used as a fuel, e.g. for cooking, heating, electricity generation or as a fuel in internal combustion engines in vehicles.

Derived terms edit

Compounds edit

Verb edit

gas

  1. (colloquial) to hit the gas, to accelerate.
    Synonym: mengegas

Further reading edit

Interlingua edit

Noun edit

gas (plural gases)

  1. gas

Irish edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gas m (genitive singular gais, nominative plural gais or gasa)

  1. stalk, stem
  2. sprig, shoot, frond
  3. (figuratively) stripling; scion

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gas ghas ngas
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Hyphenation: gàs

Noun edit

gas m (uncountable)

  1. gas (state of matter, petroleum)
  2. carbon dioxide (in fizzy drinks)
  3. petrol
    Synonym: benzina
  4. poison gas

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • gas in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Coined by chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont (appearing in his Ortus Medicinae as an invariable noun).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

gas n (genitive gasis); third declension

  1. (physics) gas (state of matter)
    Synonyms: gasum, gasium

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gas gasa
Genitive gasis gasum
Dative gasī gasibus
Accusative gas gasa
Ablative gase gasibus
Vocative gas gasa

Naga Pidgin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Assamese গছ (gos).

Noun edit

gas

  1. tree

Norman edit

Etymology edit

From Old French gars, nominative singular form of garçon.

Noun edit

gas m (plural gas)

  1. (Jersey) chap

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From French gaze.

Noun edit

gas m (definite singular gasen, indefinite plural gaser, definite plural gasene)

  1. gauze

See also edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From French gaze.

Noun edit

gas m (definite singular gasen, indefinite plural gasar, definite plural gasane)

  1. gauze

See also edit

References edit

Old Saxon edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *gans, from Proto-Germanic *gans, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂éns.

Noun edit

gās f

  1. a goose

Declension edit


Descendants edit

Old Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse gás, from Proto-Germanic *gans.

Noun edit

gās f

  1. goose

Declension edit

Descendants edit

Rohingya edit

Etymology edit

From Sanskrit.

Noun edit

gas

  1. tree

Romagnol edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch gas (gas), invented by Jan Baptiste van Helmont, from Latin chaos (chaos).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gas m (plural ghës)

  1. gas

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gȃs m (Cyrillic spelling га̑с)

  1. (chiefly Bosnia, Serbia or colloquial) gas (state of matter)
    Synonym: (Croatian) plȋn
  2. gas (as fuel for combustion engines)
  3. (figuratively) acceleration
    • dȁti gȃs - “give gas”: accelerate
  4. gas pedal, accelerator

Declension edit

Spanish edit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Dutch gas, coined by Belgian chemist Jan Baptist van Helmont. Perhaps inspired by Middle Dutch gheest (Modern Dutch geest (breath, vapour, spirit), or from Ancient Greek χάος (kháos, chasm, void).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡas/ [ˈɡas]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -as
  • Syllabification: gas

Noun edit

gas m (plural gases)

  1. gas (matter between liquid and plasma)
  2. gas (an element or compound in such a state)
  3. gas (flammable gas used for combustion)
  4. (in the plural) gas (waste gases trapped in one's belly)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch gas.

Noun edit

gas c

  1. gas; a state of matter
  2. gas; a compound or element in such a state
  3. gas; gaseous fuels
  4. (plural only: gaser) gas; waste gas
  5. gas pedal, acceleration (compare gaspedal (gas pedal) and gasa (accelerate, hit the gas))
    trampa på gasen
    step on the gas
    full gas
    full throttle
    gasen i botten
    pedal to the metal
Declension edit
Declension of gas 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gas gasen gaser gaserna
Genitive gas gasens gasers gasernas
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From French gaze. Attested since 1670.

Noun edit

gas c

  1. (chiefly in compounds) gauze (thin fabric with a loose, open weave)
    1. (medicine) gauze
Declension edit
Declension of gas 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative gas gasen
Genitive gass gasens
Derived terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Either from English gas, itself a clipping of gasoline, or a clipping of gasolina.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

gas (Baybayin spelling ᜄᜐ᜔)

  1. gasoline
    Synonym: gasolina
  2. kerosene; petroleum; gas
    Synonym: petrolyo
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Either from Spanish gas or English gas, ultimately from Dutch gas.

Noun edit

gas (Baybayin spelling ᜄᜐ᜔)

  1. gaseous substance; vapor; fume
    Synonyms: singaw, asngaw

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

gas

  1. Soft mutation of cas.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cas gas nghas chas
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Dutch gas.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gas n (plural gassen)

  1. gas

Further reading edit

  • gas”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011