English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin phthisis, from Ancient Greek φθίσις (phthísis, consumption, decline, wasting away), from φθίω (phthíō, I waste away).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈ(f)θaɪsɪs/, /ˈtaɪsɪs/
  • (file)
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  • Hyphenation: phthi‧sis

Noun edit

phthisis (countable and uncountable, plural phthises)

  1. (archaic) An atrophy of the body or part of the body, especially pulmonary tuberculosis.
    • c. 1830-40's, Edgar Allan Poe, The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar:Complete Stories and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe:
      For some months to my becoming acquainted with him, his physicians had declared him in a confirmed phthisis. It was his custom, indeed, to speak calmly of his approaching dissolution, as a matter neither to be avoided nor regretted.
    • 1985, Anthony Burgess, Kingdom of the Wicked:
      Tired from his journey and his chronic lung weakness, which he had saved from turning to phthisis by winter sojourns in Egypt, he was yet goodhumoured enough when his deputy reported the arrival of a gang of Jews who wanted judgment on something or someone.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From the Ancient Greek φθῐ́σῐς (phthísis).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

phthisis f (genitive phthisis); third declension

  1. consumption, phthisis, tuberculosis
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Declension edit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative phthisis phthisēs
Genitive phthisis phthisium
Dative phthisī phthisibus
Accusative phthisem phthisēs
phthisīs
Ablative phthise phthisibus
Vocative phthisis phthisēs

Synonyms edit

  • (consumption, phthisis, tuberculosis): phthoē

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: phthisis
  • Italian: tisi

References edit

  • phthĭsis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • phthisis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • phthĭsis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 1,177/3
  • p(h)thisis” on page 1,376/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)