English edit

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Etymology edit

To international scientific vocabulary from New Latin tūberculōsis, from Latin tūberculum (diminutive of tūber (lump)) +‎ Latin -ōsis (diseased condition); named for the encapsulated colonies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the lungs in pulmonary tuberculosis, which can look like small tubers (tubercles) on gross pathology. The disease has existed throughout human experience and had other names for millennia before scientific medicine renamed it with a New Latin term in the mid-19th century (1840s); in English it was called consumption because of the wasting away that consumed health and seemed even to consume flesh in some cases (for example, causing fistulas and tissue breakdown).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tuberculosis (countable and uncountable, plural tuberculoses)

  1. (pathology) An infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of mycobacterium, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis, mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterized by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain, and transmitted through inhalation or ingestion of bacteria. [from 1839]
    • 2019, Bill Bryson, The Body: A Guide for Occupants, Black Swan (2020), page 380:
      With smallpox gone, tuberculosis is today the deadliest infectious disease on the planet.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

Asturian edit

Noun edit

tuberculosis f (uncountable)

  1. (pathology) tuberculosis (infectious disease)

Interlingua edit

Noun edit

tuberculosis (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of tuberculose.

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

tūberculum +‎ -ōsis

Noun edit

tūberculōsis f (genitive tūberculōsis); third declension

  1. (New Latin, pathology) tuberculosis
Declension edit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tūberculōsis tūberculōsēs
Genitive tūberculōseos
Dative tūberculōsi tūberculōsesin
Accusative tūberculōsin
Ablative tūberculōsi tūberculōsesin
Vocative tūberculōsis tūberculōsēs

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit


  1. dative/ablative masculine/feminine/neuter plural of tūberculōsus

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Scientific Latin tuberculosis, from tubercŭlum (tiny tumor) and +‎ -osis.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /tubeɾkuˈlosis/ [t̪u.β̞eɾ.kuˈlo.sis]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -osis
  • Syllabification: tu‧ber‧cu‧lo‧sis

Noun edit

tuberculosis f (plural tuberculosis)

  1. tuberculosis

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ tuberculosis”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014

Further reading edit