tuberculosis

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

To international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Latin tūberculum (diminutive of tūber (lump)) +‎ -osis (diseased condition); named for the encapsulated colonies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the lungs in pulmonary tuberculosis, which can look like small tubers (tubercles) on gross pathology. The disease has existed throughout human experience and had other names for millennia before scientific medicine renamed it with a New Latin term in the mid-19th century (1840s); in English it was called consumption because of the wasting away that consumed health and seemed even to consume flesh in some cases (for example, causing fistulas and tissue breakdown).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tuberculosis (countable and uncountable, plural tuberculoses)

  1. (pathology) An infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of mycobacterium, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis, mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterized by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain, and transmitted through inhalation or ingestion of bacteria. [from 1839]
    • 2019, Bill Bryson, The Body: A Guide for Occupants, Black Swan (2020), page 380:
      With smallpox gone, tuberculosis is today the deadliest infectious disease on the planet.

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AsturianEdit

NounEdit

tuberculosis f (uncountable)

  1. (pathology) tuberculosis (infectious disease)

InterlinguaEdit

NounEdit

tuberculosis (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of tuberculose.

LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tūberculōsīs

  1. dative masculine plural of tūberculōsus
  2. dative feminine plural of tūberculōsus
  3. dative neuter plural of tūberculōsus
  4. ablative masculine plural of tūberculōsus
  5. ablative neuter plural of tūberculōsus
  6. ablative feminine plural of tūberculōsus

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Scientific Latin tuberculosis, from tubercŭlum (tiny tumor) and +‎ -osis.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tubeɾkuˈlosis/, [t̪u.β̞eɾ.kuˈlo.sis]
  • Rhymes: -osis
  • Hyphenation: tu‧ber‧cu‧lo‧sis

NounEdit

tuberculosis f (plural tuberculosis)

  1. tuberculosis

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ tuberculosis” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Further readingEdit