From possum / potis + -tās.
potestās f (genitive potestātis); third declension
- power, ability
- mastery, control
- authority, jurisdiction
- dominion, political power
- right, legal power
- (of a word) meaning
- possibility, opportunity
- “potestas” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
- “potestas” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- power over life and death: potestas vitae necisque
- to be in a person's power: in manu, in potestate alicuius situm, positum esse
- to give a man the opportunity of doing a thing: potestatem, copiam alicui dare, facere with Gen. gerund.
- to deprive a man of the chance of doing a thing: facultatem, potestatem alicui eripere, adimere
- to give audience to some one: sui potestatem facere, praebere alicui
- despotic, tyrannous rule: potestas immoderata, infinita
- to give up, lay down office (usually at the end of one's term of office): de potestate decedere
- he has power over life and death: potestatem habet in aliquem vitae necisque (B. G. 1. 16. 5)
- to give up one's person and all one's possessions to the conqueror: se suaque omnia permittere victoris potestati
- to surrender oneself to the discretion of some one: se permittere in fidem atque in potestatem alicuius (B. G. 2. 3)
- to offer battle to the enemy: potestatem, copiam pugnandi hostibus facere
- to accept battle: potestatem sui facere (alicui) (cf. sect. XII. 9, note audientia...)
- to reduce a country to subjection to oneself: populum in potestatem suam redigere (B. G. 2. 34)
- to make oneself master of a people, country: populum, terram suo imperio, suae potestati subicere (not sibi by itself)
- to make one's submission to some one: in alicuius potestatem se permittere
- to be subject to some one, under some one's dominion: in potestate, in dicione alicuius esse
- “potestas” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016