control

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English controllen, from Old French contrerole, from Medieval Latin contrarotulum (a counter-roll or register used to verify accounts), from Latin contra (against, opposite) + Medieval Latin rotulus, Latin rotula (roll, a little wheel), diminutive of rota (a wheel).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kənˈtɹəʊl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /kənˈt(ʃ)ɹoʊl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: con‧trol
  • Homophone: Ctrl

VerbEdit

control (third-person singular simple present controls, present participle controlling, simple past and past participle controlled)

  1. (transitive) To exercise influence over; to suggest or dictate the behavior of.
    Synonyms: besteer, bewield, manage, puppeteer, rule
    With a simple remote, he could control the toy truck.
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, in The Guardian Weekly[1], volume 188, number 23, page 19:
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […]  The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra–wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.
  2. (transitive, statistics) (construed with for) To design (an experiment) so that the effects of one or more variables are reduced or eliminated.
  3. (transitive, archaic) to verify the accuracy of (something or someone, especially a financial account) by comparison with another account
  4. (transitive, obsolete) to call to account, to take to task, to challenge
  5. (transitive) to hold in check, to curb, to restrain

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

control (countable and uncountable, plural controls)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Influence or authority over something.
    The government has complete control over the situation.
  2. The method and means of governing the performance of any apparatus, machine or system, such as a lever, handle or button.
  3. Restraint or ability to contain one's movements or emotions, or self-control.
    • 2012, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, in New York Times[2]:
      She had no control of her body as she tumbled downhill. She did not know up from down. It was not unlike being cartwheeled in a relentlessly crashing wave.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you [] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  4. A security mechanism, policy, or procedure that can counter system attack, reduce risks, and resolve vulnerabilities; a safeguard or countermeasure.
  5. (project management) A means of monitoring for, and triggering intervention in, activities that are not going according to plan.
  6. A control group or control experiment.
  7. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or check another account or register.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  8. (graphical user interface) An interface element that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box.
    Synonym: widget
  9. (climatology) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of a place, such as latitude, distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
  10. (linguistics) A construction in which the understood subject of a given predicate is determined by an expression in context. See control.
  11. (spiritualism, parapsychology) A spirit that takes possession of a psychic or medium and allows other spirits to communicate with the living.
    • 1926, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Land of Mist[3]:
      "Ah, who are they? I wonder. Guides, controls, psychic entities of some kind. Who the agents of vengeance - or I should say justice - are, is really not essential."

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further readingEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French contrôle, attested from 1917.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

control m (plural controls)

  1. control
  2. check, inspection
  3. influence, authority

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “control” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English control. The established pronunciation reflects a widespread mispronunciation of the English word. Doublet of controle and controlo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

control m (plural controls)

  1. the control key on a computer keyboard

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French contrôle.

NounEdit

control n (plural controale)

  1. control

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French contrôle.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /konˈtɾol/, [kõn̪ˈt̪ɾol]
  • Hyphenation: con‧trol

NounEdit

control m (plural controles)

  1. control, or running of a business
  2. control of a machine
    Synonyms: control remoto, mando, mando a distancia, telemando
  3. control or emotional restraint, self-control
  4. (Latin America) remote control
    Synonyms: control remoto, mando, mando a distancia
  5. (video games, Latin America) controller, gamepad, joypad
    Synonym: mando
  6. (medicine) checkup

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit