From Middle English primerose, from Old French primerose, from Medieval Latin prima (“first”) + rosa (“rose”). The reason it was called this might be that some primroses are among the first flowers to bloom in the spring.
primrose (plural primroses)
- A flowering plant of the genus Primula.
1946 September and October, D. J. Rowett, “Stamford L.N.E.R.”, in Railway Magazine, page 283:
A mile or so further on is the intermediate station of Ryhall, smothered with primroses in the season, and at all times a veritable flower garden.
- Specifically, the species Primula acaulis (syn. Primula vulgaris), also called common primrose.
- A plant of the family Primulaceae.
- A plant of the genus Oenothera, better known as an evening primrose.
- A flower of a primrose plant.
- A light yellow colour.
plant of the genus Primula
- Abkhaz: аӡыӡкәыр (adzədzkʷʼər)
- Armenian: գնարբուկ (hy) (gnarbuk)
- Azerbaijani: novruzgülü
- Bulgarian: иглика (bg) f (iglika)
- Catalan: prímula f, primavera (ca) f
- Czech: prvosenka (cs) f, petrklíč (cs)
- Esperanto: primolo
- Finnish: esikko (fi)
- French: primevère (fr) f
- Georgian: ფურისულა (purisula)
- German: Primel (de) f
- Greek: δακράκι n (dakráki)
- Ancient: κυκλάμινος m (kukláminos)
- Hungarian: kankalin (hu)
- Ido: primrozo (io)
- Irish: sabhaircín m
- Italian: primula (it) f
- Japanese: 桜草 (ja) (さくらそう, sakurasō)
- Lak: ччиккул тӏутӏи (č:ik:ul tʼutʼi)
- Macedonian: ја́глика f (jáglika)
- Bokmål: nøkleblom m, nøkleblomst m, primula m
- Nynorsk: nøkleblom m, nøkleblome m, primula m
- Ossetian: ӕстъоппӕлӕ (æst’oppælæ)
- Persian: پامچال (fa), گل نوروز
- Polish: pierwiosnek (pl) m, pierwiosnka (pl) f, prymula (pl) f, prymulka (pl) f
- Portuguese: prímula (pt) f
- Romanian: primulă (ro) f, ciuboțica-cucului (ro) f
- Russian: первоцве́т (ru) m (pervocvét), при́мула (ru) f (prímula)
- Scottish Gaelic: sòbhrach f
- Spanish: primavera (es) f
- Volapük: primulaplan
- Welsh: briallu (cy) f pl
plant of the family Primulaceae
Translations to be checked
primrose (comparative more primrose, superlative most primrose)
- Of a light yellow colour.
1961 February, “New "Mini-Buffets" from Wolverton”, in Trains Illustrated, page 79:
Passenger saloons are tastefully furnished with wood veneer and partitions, mottled grey Vyanide walls, pale primrose ceilings and grey floor.
primrose (third-person singular simple present primroses, present participle primrosing, simple past and past participle primrosed)
- (intransitive) To pick primroses.
- We went primrosing on Sunday and returned with a full basket.