Alternative forms Edit
From Middle English yelwe, yelou, from Old English ġeolwe, oblique form of Old English ġeolu, from Proto-West Germanic *gelu, from Proto-Germanic *gelwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃wos, from *ǵʰelh₃- (“gleam, yellow”).
Compare Welsh gwelw (“pale”), Latin helvus (“dull yellow”), Irish geal (“white, bright”), Italian giallo (“yellow”) Lithuanian žalias (“green”), Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós, “light green”), Persian زرد (zard, “yellow”), Sanskrit हरि (hari, “greenish-yellow”), Russian жёлтый (žóltyj, “yellow”), Russian зелёный (zeljónyj, “green”). Cognate with German gelb (“yellow”), Dutch geel (“yellow”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈjɛl.əʊ/
- (General American) enPR: yĕl′ō, IPA(key): /ˈjɛl.oʊ/
- (dialect) IPA(key): /ˈjɛl.ɚ/
- (dated, Southern US folk speech) IPA(key): /jɛlə/, /ˈjælə/, /ˈjɑlə/, /ˈjɪlə/, /ˈjʌlə/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file) Audio (AU) (file) Audio (file)
- Rhymes: -ɛləʊ
- Having yellow as its color.
- 1827, [John Keble], “Twenty-third Sunday after Trinity”, in The Christian Year: Thoughts in Verse for the Sundays and Holydays throughout the Year, volume II, Oxford, Oxfordshire: […] [B]y W. Baxter, for J. Parker; and C[harles] and J[ohn] Rivington, […], →OCLC, page 85:
- Red o'er the forest glows the setting sun, / The line of yellow light dies fast away / That crown'd the eastern copse, and chill and dun / Falls on the moor the brief November day.
- 1911, J. Milton Hayes, The green eye of the little yellow god:
- There's a one-eyed yellow idol / To the north of Kathmandu; / There's a little marble cross below the town; / And a brokenhearted woman / Tends the grave of 'Mad' Carew, / While the yellow god for ever gazes down.
- 1962 (quoting c. 1398 text), Hans Kurath & Sherman M. Kuhn, editors, Middle English Dictionary, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0-472-01044-8, page 1242:
- (informal) Lacking courage.
- Synonym: cowardly
- (publishing, journalism) Characterized by sensationalism, lurid content, and doubtful accuracy.
- 2004 October 4, Doreen Carvajal, “Photo edict muffles gossipy press”, in International Herald Tribune, retrieved 29 July 2008:
- The denizens of the gossipy world of the pink press, purple prose and yellow tabloids are shivering over disputed photographs of Princess Caroline of Monaco.
- (chiefly derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) Of the skin, having the colour traditionally attributed to Far East Asians, especially Chinese.
- (chiefly derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) Far East Asian (relating to Asian people).
- 1959, Anthony Burgess, Beds in the East (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 516:
- The two youths, the brown and the yellow, faced each other at the cross-roads, under a dim street-lamp.
- (dated, Australia, offensive) Of mixed Aboriginal and Caucasian ancestry.
- 1965, Mudrooroo, Wild Cat Falling, HarperCollins, published 2001, page 74:
- A big full-blood gin cottoned onto me. “Give us a drink, yeller feller.”
- (dated, US) Synonym of
- 1933 September 9, James Thurber, “My Life and Hard Times—VI. A Sequence of Servants”, in The New Yorker:
- Charley threw her over for a yellow gal named Nancy: he never forgave Vashti for the vanishing from his life of a menace that had come to mean more to him than Vashti herself.
- (UK politics) Related to the Liberal Democrats.
- 2012 March 2, Andrew Grice, “Yellow rebels take on Clegg over NHS 'betrayal'”, in The Independent:
- yellow constituencies
- (politics) Related to the Free Democratic Party; a political party in Germany.
- the black-yellow coalition
Derived terms Edit
- double yellow lines
- high yellow
- wear yellow stockings
- yellow anemone
- yellow-bellied sapsucker
- yellow bile
- yellow-billed loon
- yellow birch
- Yellow Book
- yellow-breasted chat
- yellow brick road
- yellow cake
- yellow card
- yellow dog
- yellow dog contract
- yellow dwarf
- yellow-eyed penguin
- yellow fever
- yellow-green alga
- yellow horde
- yellow jack
- yellow jersey
- yellow jessamine
- yellow journalism
- yellow-legged tinamou
- yellow light
- Yellow Medicine County
- yellow menace
- yellow-necked mouse
- yellow oriole
- yellow pages
- yellow perch
- yellow peril
- yellow phosphorus
- yellow pine
- yellow pocket
- yellow poplar
- yellow press
- yellow rattle
- Yellow River
- Yellow Sea
- yellow-shafted flicker
- yellow sheet
- yellow soap
- yellow spot
- yellow terror
- yellow-throated warbler
- yellow warbler
- yellow wood anemone
- yellow woodland anemone
yellow (plural yellows)
- The colour of gold, cheese, or a lemon; the colour obtained by mixing green and red light, or by subtracting blue from white light.
- 1892, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper:
- It is the strangest yellow, that wall-paper! It makes me think of all the yellow things I ever saw—not beautiful ones like buttercups, but old foul, bad yellow things.
- (US) The intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights, the illumination of which indicates that drivers should stop short of the intersection if it is safe to do so.
- (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 2 points.
- (pocket billiards) One of two groups of object balls, or a ball from that group, as used in the principally British version of pool that makes use of unnumbered balls (the (yellow(s) and red(s)); contrast stripes and solids in the originally American version with numbered balls).
- (sports) A yellow card.
- 2011 April 15, Saj Chowdhury, “Norwich 2 - 1 Nott'm Forest”, in BBC Sport:
- Andrew Surman fired in what proved to be a 37th-minute winner before Forest's Paul Konchesky saw red late on. That second yellow for the loan signing came in stoppage time and did not affect the outcome of a game which Norwich dominated.
- Any of various pierid butterflies of the subfamily Coliadinae, especially the yellow coloured species. Compare sulphur.
- (light wavelengths): xantho- (xanth-)
- (intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights): amber (British)
- (color): bronze yellow, cadmium yellow, fast yellow AB, quinoline yellow, school bus yellow, sulfur yellow, sulphur yellow, taxi yellow, yellow-green, yellow 2G
Derived terms Edit
- (intransitive) To become yellow or more yellow.
- 1977, Alistair Horne, A Savage War of Peace, New York: Review Books, published 2006, page 47:
- Then suddenly, with the least warning, the sky yellows and the Chergui blows in from the Sahara, stinging the eyes and choking with its sandy, sticky breath.
- 2013, Robert Miraldi, Seymour Hersh, Potomac Books, Inc., →ISBN, page 187:
- Interviews, clippings, yellowing stories from foreign newspapers, notebooks with old scribblings. Salisbury called it the debris of a reporter always too much on the run to sort out the paper, but there it was, an investigator's dream, […]
- (transitive) To make (something) yellow or more yellow.
See also Edit
|red; crimson||orange; brown||yellow; cream|
|lime, lime green||green||mint|
|cyan; teal||azure, sky blue||blue|
|violet; indigo||magenta; purple||pink|
- yellow at OneLook Dictionary Search
- ^ Hans Kurath and Raven Ioor McDavid (1961). The pronunciation of English in the Atlantic States: based upon the collections of the linguistic atlas of the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, p. 134.