FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Relationship to Old High German runsa (running water, stream) has been proposed, but this is semantically distant, especially considering the Karelian and Ludic cognates runsas, ruznaz, meaning "sizable".

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrunsɑs/, [ˈruns̠ɑs̠]
  • Rhymes: -unsɑs
  • Syllabification: run‧sas

AdjectiveEdit

runsas (comparative runsaampi, superlative runsain)

  1. abundant, plentiful
  2. sizable, hefty
  3. (mathematics, of a number) abundant (less than the sum of all of its divisors except itself)

Usage notesEdit

  • (abundant): It is more common to say olla runsaasti than olla runsas.
    Työpaikkoja on runsaasti.There are plenty of open (job) positions.
    Viljatuotteissa on runsaasti hiilihydraatteja.Ceral products are abundant in carbohydrates.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of runsas (Kotus type 41/vieras, no gradation)
nominative runsas runsaat
genitive runsaan runsaiden
runsaitten
partitive runsasta runsaita
illative runsaaseen runsaisiin
singular plural
nominative runsas runsaat
accusative nom. runsas runsaat
gen. runsaan
genitive runsaan runsaiden
runsaitten
partitive runsasta runsaita
inessive runsaassa runsaissa
elative runsaasta runsaista
illative runsaaseen runsaisiin
runsaihinrare
adessive runsaalla runsailla
ablative runsaalta runsailta
allative runsaalle runsaille
essive runsaana runsaina
translative runsaaksi runsaiksi
instructive runsain
abessive runsaatta runsaitta
comitative runsaine
Possessive forms of runsas (type vieras)
Rare. Only used with substantive adjectives.
possessor singular plural
1st person runsaani runsaamme
2nd person runsaasi runsaanne
3rd person runsaansa

Derived termsEdit