See also: yli-

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *üli. Equivalent to ylä- +‎ -i.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈyli/, [ˈyli]
  • Rhymes: -yli
  • Syllabification(key): y‧li

AdverbEdit

yli

  1. yli + number: over
    Auto maksoi yli 200 000 (= kaksisataatuhatta) euroa.
    The car cost over 200,000 euros.

AntonymsEdit

PostpositionEdit

yli

  1. (genitive + ~) over (when one goes through the space that is above something)
    Pallo lensi tuolin yli ja ovesta ulos.
    The ball flew over the chair and out of the door.
  2. (temporal, genitive/partitive + ~) after, past (temporal)
    Kello on vartin yli kuusi.
    It's quarter past/after six.
    Kello on viittä (minuuttia) yli kuusi.
    It's five (minutes) past/after six.

Usage notesEdit

When using the construction yli to indicate time both genitive and partitive forms are possible. Perhaps the explanation is that the case is actually accusative, which in Finnish has two forms. Genitive-accusative is used with clearly defined objects and partitive with so called partial objects. To demonstrate the difference, leikkaan ruohikon means that I will cut the whole lawn whereas leikkaan ruohikkoa means that I'm cutting the lawn but I have not finished yet or that I'm planning to cut only part of it. If that is the case vartin yli would be a slightly more precise expression than varttia yli. However, it is more likely just a question of personal preference, possibly influenced by the fact that "a quarter to" is always varttia vaille.

yli never receives a possessive suffix; ylitse is used instead if possessive forms are desired.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

InflectionEdit

See ylä-.

Related termsEdit


IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *üli. Cognates include Finnish yli and Votic üli.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

yli (+ genitive)

  1. (of motion) over, through
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Mänimmä yli peenen joen, yli suuren niityn mänimmä.
      We crossed a small river, we crossed a big meadow.
      (literally, “We went over a small river, we went through a big meadow.”)
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 4:
      Yli joen langolle, vanan kylän Iljalle.
      Over the river to [my] sister's husband, the old village's Ilja.
    Männä yli teen.To cross a road. (literally, “To go through a road.”)
  2. (of time) in, after, ... later
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Yli päivän pioneerit saattoit meitä kottii.
      A day later the pioneers saw us off to our house.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 9:
      Yli kuun lapset proveroittiit Koljan ja Șuran lupaukseet.
      A month later the children checked Kolja and Šura's promises.

ReferencesEdit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 691

WestrobothnianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Old Norse il, plural iljar (the sole of the foot.)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʏlɪ/ (example of pronunciation)
    Rhymes: -ʏlj

NounEdit

yli f (definite singular ylja, definite plural yljen)

  1. Long, narrow piece of wood on the side of wagons at the top and bottom, where the withes are bound; side bar or board in a hay or driving wagon.
  2. The bottom of a seal shoe.

Alternative formsEdit

See alsoEdit