See also: ollá and õlla

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish olla, from Latin olla, aulla; akin to Sanskrit उखा (ukhā, pot), and probably also Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌷𐌽𐍃 (auhns, oven).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

olla (plural ollas)

  1. A cooking-pot or earthenware jar used in Spain and Spanish-speaking countries.
  2. A pot used for cooling water by evaporation in Latin America.
  3. An unglazed earthenware pot, buried to provide slow steady irrigation.
    • 2019 March 1, Mary Kathryn Dunston, Farmer's Almanac[1]:
      An olla (which literally means “pot”) is a round, unglazed terra cotta clay pot with a long neck that you fill with water and bury next to your plants. It irrigates in the ground.
  4. A cinerary urn in ancient Rome.

AnagramsEdit


AragoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin olla (cooking pot)

NounEdit

olla f (plural ollas)

  1. pot

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ōlla.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

olla f (plural olles)

  1. cooking-pot
  2. stew, casserole
  3. pool (in a watercourse)

Derived termsEdit

^ oller

Further readingEdit


EstonianEdit

VerbEdit

olla

  1. Da-infinitive of olema.

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From several different roots.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈolːɑˣ/, [ˈo̞lːɑ(ʔ)]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -olːɑ
  • Syllabification: ol‧la

VerbEdit

olla

  1. (copulative) to be (indicating that the subject and the complement of the verb form the same thing)
    Minä olen onnellinen.I am happy.
    Minä olen lääkäri.I am a doctor.
  2. (intransitive) to be (occupy a place)
    Minä olen kotona.I am at home.
  3. (copulative) to be, constitute, make up, form
    Tuo on maanpetos.That constitutes (high) treason.
  4. (intransitive, adessive + 3rd person singular + ~) to have; to own, to possess
    Minulla on/oli/on ollut kissa (nom.). (when in positive sentences, countable nouns in nominative)I have/had/have had a cat.
    Minulla ei ole kissaa (part.). (when in negative sentences, countable nouns in partitive)I don't have a cat.
    Minulla on/oli/on ollut sinut (acc.). (when in positive sentences, personal pronouns in accusative)I have/had/have had you.
    Minulla ei ole/ei ollut/ei ole ollut sinua (part.). (when in negative sentences, personal pronouns in partitive)I don't have/didn't have/haven't had you.
    Synonyms: (to own) omistaa, (discouraged in most cases) omata
  5. (intransitive, inessive + 3rd person singular + ~) to have, to possess (as a feature or capability, as opposed to simple possession; almost always for inanimate subjects)
    Tässä autossa on kaikki lisävarusteet.This car has all the accessories.
  6. (intransitive, ~ (olemassa)) to exist (the subject often indefinite = in partitive case -> verb in 3rd-pers. singular)
    Rakkautta ei ole (olemassa).Love doesn't exist.
  7. (intransitive) to behave, act (as if...) (when followed by a essive plural form of a present active participle with possessive suffix, or a subordinate clause beginning with (ikään,) kuin, requiring conditional mood)
    Hän ei ollut huomaavinaan mitään.He behaved as if he hadn't noticed anything.
  8. (transitive, auxiliary) to have (a verb to build active present perfect tense and active past perfect tense, taking active past participle, ending -nut/-nyt (singular) or -neet (pl.))
    Olen jo syönyt tänään.I have already eaten today.
    Olemme jo syöneet tänään.We have already eaten today.
    Olin jo syönyt.I had already eaten.
    Olimme jo syöneet.We had already eaten.
  9. (transitive, auxiliary) to have (a verb to build impersonal simple past tense, impersonal passive present perfect tense and impersonal passive past perfect tense, taking passive past participle, ending -tu/-ty)
    Aamiainen oli jo syöty.Breakfast had already been eaten.
    Minulla on/ei ole rahaa (part.). (singular uncountable nouns in partitive in both positive and negative sentences)I have/don't have money.
    Minulla on valta (nom.). (with an uncountable noun in nominative, the meaning or nuance of the sentence changes)I've got the power.
  10. (intransitive, 3rd person singular) (there) be
    Pöydällä on kissa. (when in positive sentences, singular countable nouns in nominative)There is a cat on the table.
    Pöydällä ei ole kissaa. (when in negative sentences, singular countable nouns in partitive)There is no cat on the table.
    Pöydällä on/ei ole kissoja. (plural countable nouns in partitive in both positive and negative sentences)There are (some) cats / There are no cats on the table.
    Lattialla on/ei ole rahaa. (singular uncountable nouns in partitive in both positive and negative sentences)There is (some) / There is no money on the floor.
  11. (intransitive, + genitive + 3rd person singular + passive present participle) to have to do something, must do something; be obliged/forced to do something
    Minun (gen.) on nyt mentävä.I have to go now.
    Minun on palautettava kirja kirjastoon perjantaihin mennessä.I have to return the book to the library by Friday.
    that same in passive: nominative/accusative + 3rd-pers. singular + passive present participle, -tava/-tävä = to have to be done, must be done.
    Kirja (nom.) on palautettava kirjastoon perjantaihin mennessä. (countable nouns in nominative)The book has to be returned to the library by Friday.
    Onko sinut (acc.) hiljennettevä pakolla? (personal pronouns in accusative)Do I have to make you shut your mouth? (literally, “Do you have to be quietened by force?”)
  12. (transitive) to play a children's game
    Synonym: leikkiä
    • 2013, Tea Hiilloste (lyrics), “Halihippa”, performed by Tea:
      Sä ja mä ollaan halihippaa,
      yks ja kaks, toinen meistä karkaa...
      You and I are playing hug tag,
      one and two, one of us runs away...

Usage notesEdit

  • In the sense “to have” the verb olla is always in third person singular form and the person who has something is indicated with adessive case. Grammatically the thing owned is the subject-complement of the sentence:
minulla onI have
sinulla onyou have
hänellä onhe/she has
sillä onit has
meillä onwe have
teillä onyou have
heillä onthey have
Lassilla onLassi has
kaupungin terveyslautakunnalla onthe municipal health board has
  • Same applies through all tenses, infinitives and participles (where they make sense), e.g.
minulla ei olisi ollutI would not have had
minulla rupeaa olemaanI am beginning to have
  • The meaning "there be" is rarely used without adverbials (such as those describing a location); it is more common to use olla olemassa in such cases.
  • olla (+ vähällä) + infinitive = to almost/nearly (do something accidental, harmful, wrong or fateful).
    Olin (vähällä) kaatua lattialle.I almost fell on the floor.
  • olla + essive plural form of an active present participle (-vina/-vinä) + possessive suffix = to be supposed to do, pretend to do, put on airs of doing, affect:
    Mikä tämä on olevinaan? (speaker belittling the object in front of her/him)What is this supposed to be?
    Olit olevinasi niin täydellinen.You pretended to be so damn perfect.
  • olla + fifth infinitive + possessive suffix by person = to be about to do (when something happens preventing it):
    Olin lähtemäisilläni ulos, kun puhelin soi.I was about to go out when the phone rang.
  • olla määrä (to be to, to be due to)
    Se on määrä sulkea viiden vuoden sisällä.It is due to close within five years.
  • genitive + 3rd-pers. singular + pakko + infinitive = to must, have to, be forced to:
    Minun on pakko lähteä nyt.I have to leave now.
  • genitive + olisi (conditional) parasta + infinitive = had better + infinitive:
    Sinun olisi parasta olla hiljaa.You had better be silent.
  • olla + long first infinitive = to be to do something (often implying that one is resigning to fate)
    Hän lähtee, jos on lähteäkseen.He'll leave if he is (fated) to leave.
    • (interjection): olkoon menneeksi ((okay,...) why not, go ahead, (colloquial) what the hell)
  • olkoonkin(, että...) (never mind (that...))
  • olla kunnossa (to be in shape; to be in order)
    If used without an adjective, olla kunnossa is a positive expression, and one might as well say olla hyvässä kunnossa (to be in good shape/order):
    Olen kamalassa kunnossa.I'm in an awful shape.

ConjugationEdit

Inflection of olla (Kotus type 67/tulla and 64/juoda, no gradation, irregular)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. olen en ole 1st sing. olen ollut en ole ollut
2nd sing. olet et ole 2nd sing. olet ollut et ole ollut
3rd sing. on ei ole 3rd sing. on ollut ei ole ollut
1st plur. olemme emme ole 1st plur. olemme olleet emme ole olleet
2nd plur. olette ette ole 2nd plur. olette olleet ette ole olleet
3rd plur. ovat eivät ole 3rd plur. ovat olleet eivät ole olleet
passive ollaan ei olla passive on oltu ei ole oltu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. olin en ollut 1st sing. olin ollut en ollut ollut
2nd sing. olit et ollut 2nd sing. olit ollut et ollut ollut
3rd sing. oli ei ollut 3rd sing. oli ollut ei ollut ollut
1st plur. olimme emme olleet 1st plur. olimme olleet emme olleet olleet
2nd plur. olitte ette olleet 2nd plur. olitte olleet ette olleet olleet
3rd plur. olivat eivät olleet 3rd plur. olivat olleet eivät olleet olleet
passive oltiin ei oltu passive oli oltu ei ollut oltu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. olisin en olisi 1st sing. olisin ollut en olisi ollut
2nd sing. olisit et olisi 2nd sing. olisit ollut et olisi ollut
3rd sing. olisi ei olisi 3rd sing. olisi ollut ei olisi ollut
1st plur. olisimme emme olisi 1st plur. olisimme olleet emme olisi olleet
2nd plur. olisitte ette olisi 2nd plur. olisitte olleet ette olisi olleet
3rd plur. olisivat eivät olisi 3rd plur. olisivat olleet eivät olisi olleet
passive oltaisiin ei oltaisi passive olisi oltu ei olisi oltu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. ole älä ole 2nd sing. ole ollut älä ole ollut
3rd sing. olkoon älköön olko 3rd sing. olkoon ollut älköön olko ollut
1st plur. olkaamme älkäämme olko 1st plur. olkaamme olleet älkäämme olko olleet
2nd plur. olkaa älkää olko 2nd plur. olkaa olleet älkää olko olleet
3rd plur. olkoot älkööt olko 3rd plur. olkoot olleet älkööt olko olleet
passive oltakoon älköön oltako passive olkoon oltu älköön olko oltu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. lienen en liene 1st sing. lienen ollut en liene ollut
2nd sing. lienet et liene 2nd sing. lienet ollut et liene ollut
3rd sing. lienee ei liene 3rd sing. lienee ollut ei liene ollut
1st plur. lienemme emme liene 1st plur. lienemme olleet emme liene olleet
2nd plur. lienette ette liene 2nd plur. lienette olleet ette liene olleet
3rd plur. lienevät eivät liene 3rd plur. lienevät olleet eivät liene olleet
passive oltaneen ei oltane passive lienee oltu ei liene oltu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st olla present oleva oltava
long 1st2 ollakseen past ollut oltu
2nd inessive1 ollessa oltaessa agent1, 3 olema
instructive ollen negative olematon
3rd inessive olemassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative olemasta
illative olemaan
adessive olemalla
abessive olematta
instructive oleman oltaman
4th nominative oleminen
partitive olemista
5th2 olemaisillaan

Derived termsEdit

phrases
adjectives
nouns
verbs

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English ollie.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

olla (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative ollaði, supine ollað)

  1. (skateboarding) to ollie, perform an ollie

ConjugationEdit


IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *oldak, from Proto-Uralic *wole-. Cognates include Finnish olla and Karelian olla.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

olla

  1. (copulative) to be
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 20:
      Ivo ono Levon veli.
      Ivo is Levo's brother.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus; P. L. Maksimov, Inkeroisin keelen oppikirja alkuşkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 29:
      Kenen neet ollaa nyt?
      Whose are they now?
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (toin osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 91:
      Niku lumi miä oon valkia
      I am as white as snow.
    Miä oon laps.I am a child.
  2. (transitive, verb in third person, subject in adessive) to have
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 22:
      Simal ono suma. Siso ompeli suman.
      Sima has a bag. Siso sewed the bag.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus; P. L. Maksimov, Inkeroisin keelen oppikirja alkuşkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 26:
      Meil ono tänäpäivänä ekskurssia.
      We have an excursion today.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva:
      Mikä aika vootta teil ono?
      How old are you?
      (literally, “How many years do you have?”)
    Miul on vene.I have a boat.

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of olla (irregular)
Indikativa
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular oon en oo 1st singular oon olt en oo olt
2nd singular oot et oo 2nd singular oot olt et oo olt
3rd singular ono, on ei oo 3rd singular ono olt ei oo olt
1st plural oomma emmä oo 1st plural oomma olleet emmä oo olleet
2nd plural ootta että oo 2nd plural ootta olleet että oo olleet
3rd plural ovat, ollaa evät oo 3rd plural ovat olleet evät oo olleet
impersonal ollaa ei olla impersonal ono oltu ei oo oltu
Imperfekta Pluskvamperfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular olin en olt 1st singular olin olt en olt olt
2nd singular olit et olt 2nd singular olit olt et olt olt
3rd singular oli ei olt 3rd singular oli olt ei olt olt
1st plural olimma emmä olleet 1st plural olimma olleet emmä olleet olleet
2nd plural olitta että olleet 2nd plural olitta olleet että olleet olleet
3rd plural olivat, oltii evät olleet 3rd plural olivat olleet evät olleet olleet
impersonal oltii ei oltu impersonal oli oltu ei olt oltu
Konditsionala
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular olisin en olis 1st singular olisin olt en olis olt
2nd singular olisit et olis 2nd singular olisit olt et olis olt
3rd singular olis ei olis 3rd singular olis olt ei olis olt
1st plural olisimma emmä olis 1st plural olisimma olleet emmä olis olleet
2nd plural olisitta että olis 2nd plural olisitta olleet että olis olleet
3rd plural olisovat, oltais evät olis 3rd plural olisivat olleet evät olis olleet
impersonal oltais ei oltais impersonal olis oltu ei olis oltu
Imperativa
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular 1st singular
2nd singular oo elä oo 2nd singular oo olt elä oo olt
3rd singular olkoo elköö olko 3rd singular olkoo olt elköö olko olt
1st plural 1st plural
2nd plural olkaa elkää olko 2nd plural olkaa olleet elkää olko olleet
3rd plural olkoot elkööt olko 3rd plural olkoot olleet elkööt olko olleet
impersonal oltakoo elköö oltako impersonal olkoo oltu elköö olko oltu
Potentsiala
Preesens Perfekta
positive negative positive negative
1st singular leenen en leene 1st singular leenen olt en leene olt
2nd singular leenet et leene 2nd singular leenet olt et leene olt
3rd singular leenöö, lee ei leene 3rd singular leenöö olt ei leene olt
1st plural leenemmä emmä leene 1st plural leenemmä olleet emmä leene olleet
2nd plural leenettä että leene 2nd plural leenettä olleet että leene olleet
3rd plural leenööt evät leene 3rd plural leenööt olleet evät leene olleet
impersonal oltanöö ei oltako impersonal leenöö oltu ei leene oltu
Nominal forms
Infinitivat Partisipat
active passive
1st olla present oleva oltava
2nd inessive ollees past olt oltu
instructive ollen
3rd illative olemaa
inessive olemaas
elative olemast
abessive olemata

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 122
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 361
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachinkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], →ISBN, page 16

IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

olla f

  1. genitive singular of olann (wool)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
olla n-olla holla not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 12

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin olla, from Proto-Italic *aukslā, from Proto-Indo-European *Hukʷsleh₂, Proto-Indo-European *Hukʷ- (cooking pot).

NounEdit

olla f (plural olle)

  1. earthen jar
  2. cooking pot

AnagramsEdit


KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *oldak, from Proto-Uralic *wole-.

VerbEdit

olla

  1. to be

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *aukslā, from Proto-Indo-European *Hukʷsleh₂, Proto-Indo-European *Hukʷ- (cooking pot) (compare Sanskrit उखा (ukhā), Old Armenian ակութ (akutʿ), Albanian anë, Ancient Greek ἰπνός (ipnós), Proto-Germanic *uhnaz, *uhwnaz and subsequently Old Norse and Old English ofn (English oven).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ōlla f (genitive ōllae); first declension

  1. pot, jar

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ōlla ōllae
Genitive ōllae ōllārum
Dative ōllae ōllīs
Accusative ōllam ōllās
Ablative ōllā ōllīs
Vocative ōlla ōllae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: oalã
  • Catalan: olla
  • Friulian: ole
  • Old French: ole, uele
  • Galician: ola
  • Italian: olla
  • Occitan: ola
  • Romanian: oală
  • Spanish: olla
    • Portuguese: olha

ReferencesEdit

  • olla in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • olla in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • 2. OLLA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • 1 olla in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette: “1,077/1”
  • olla in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • olla in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • olla (ōla)” on page 1,246/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

LivviEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *oldak. Cognates include Finnish olla and Karelian olla.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈolːɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ol‧la

VerbEdit

olla

  1. (copulative) to be
    Varoi on lindu.A crow is a bird.
  2. (intransitive) to be, to exist
    Sie on perti.Over there is a cottage.
  3. (transitive, impersonal, subject in adessive) to have
    Minul on kniigu.I have a book.

ReferencesEdit

  • N. Gilojeva; S. Rudakova (2009) Karjalan kielen Livvin murdehen algukursu [Beginners' course of Karelian language's Livvi dialect] (in Livvi), Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 11
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019) Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 192

Middle IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

olla f

  1. genitive singular of olann (wool)

MutationEdit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
olla unchanged n-olla
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old DutchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

olla

  1. nominative plural of al

Old NorseEdit

VerbEdit

olla

  1. first-person singular past indicative active of valda

Old SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ōllam, accusative singular of ōlla.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

olla f (plural ollas)

  1. pot
    • c. 1200, Almeric, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 17r. a.
      Qvãdo ſeyemos ſobre las ollas de la carne & comyemos pã afartura.
      When we sat by the pots of meat and ate bread until we were satiated.

DescendantsEdit


SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish olla, from Latin olla, from Proto-Italic *aukslā, from Proto-Indo-European *Hukʷsleh₂, Proto-Indo-European *Hukʷ- (cooking pot).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • IPA(key): (most of Spain and Latin America) /ˈoʝa/, [ˈo.ʝa]
  • IPA(key): (rural northern Spain, Andes Mountains) /ˈoʎa/, [ˈo.ʎa]
  • IPA(key): (Buenos Aires and environs) /ˈoʃa/, [ˈo.ʃa]
  • IPA(key): (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈoʒa/, [ˈo.ʒa]
  • (file)
  • NounEdit

    olla f (plural ollas)

    1. pot, pan; kettle (vessel used for cooking food)
    2. stew (dish cooked by stewing)
    3. pool, whirlpool

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    AnagramsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    SwedishEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Derived from ollon (glans).

    VerbEdit

    olla (present ollar, preterite ollade, supine ollat, imperative olla)

    1. (vulgar) to touch with one's glans (tip of the penis)
      Han ollade min tandborste på fyllan.He touched my toothbrush with his penis when he was drunk.

    ConjugationEdit

    AnagramsEdit