See also: Rupes, rupés, rūpes, and rūpēs

English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin rūpēs (cliff).

Noun edit

rupes

  1. (astronomy, geology) An escarpment on another planet or a moon.

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

rupes

  1. second-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of ruper

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From a Proto-Indo-European *Hrewp-(e)h₁-s (cliff),[2] from the root *Hrewp- (break).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rūpēs f (genitive rūpis); third declension

  1. cliff, rock
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.427-429:
      hīc portūs aliī effodiunt; hīc alta theātrīs
      fundāmenta locant aliī, immānīsque columnās
      rūpibus excīdunt, scaenīs decora alta futūrīs.
      Here some [workers] are excavating a harbor; there others lay deep foundations for theaters, and they are quarrying huge columns from the cliffs, lofty ornaments for future stages.

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rūpēs rūpēs
Genitive rūpis rūpium
Dative rūpī rūpibus
Accusative rūpem rūpēs
rūpīs
Ablative rūpe rūpibus
Vocative rūpēs rūpēs

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Aromanian: arup
  • English: rupes
  • Italian: rupe
  • Romanian: Rupea
  • Spanish: rupe

References edit

  1. ^ Ernout, Alfred; Meillet, Antoine (1985), “rumpō, -is, rūpī”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: histoire des mots (in French), with additions and corrections of Jacques André, 4th edition, Paris: Klincksieck, published 2001, page 581
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “rumpō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 529–530

Further reading edit

  • rupes”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rupes”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rupes in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rupes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette