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See also: Planet, planèt, and plånet

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English planete, from Old French planete, from Latin planeta, planetes, from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer), from Ancient Greek πλανάω (planáō, wander about, stray), of unknown origin. Perhaps from a Proto-Indo-European *pel- (to wander, roam), and cognate with Latin pālor (wander about, stray), Old Norse flana (to rush about), and Norwegian flanta (to wander about). More at flaunt.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

planet (plural planets)

  1. (now historical or astrology) Each of the seven major bodies which move relative to the fixed stars in the night sky—the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. [from 14thc.]
    • 1603, John Florio, transl.; Michel de Montaigne, chapter 12, in The Essayes, [], book II, printed at London: By Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount [], OCLC 946730821:
      Be they not dreames of humane vanity, [] to make of our knowne earth a bright shining planet [transl. astre]?
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society, published 1973, page 288:
      The moon [] began to rise from her bed, where she had slumbered away the day, in order to sit up all night. Jones had not travelled far before he paid his compliments to that beautiful planet, and, turning to his companion, asked him if he had ever beheld so delicious an evening?
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society, published 2012, page 361:
      Another of Boehme's followers, the Welshman Morgan Llwyd, also believed that the seven planets could be found within man.
  2. (astronomy) A body which orbits the Sun directly and is massive enough to be in hydrostatic equilibrium (effectively meaning a spheroid) and to dominate its orbit; specifically, the eight major bodies of Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. (Pluto was considered a planet until 2006 and has now been reclassified as a dwarf planet.) [from 17thc.]
    • 1640, John Wilkins, A Discovrse concerning a New Planet. Tending to prove, That 'tis probable our Earth is one of the Planets, title:
      A Discovrse concerning a New Planet. Tending to prove, That 'tis probable our Earth is one of the Planets
    • 2006 December 22, Alok Jha, The Guardian:
      Their decision will force a rewrite of science textbooks because the solar system is now a place with eight planets and three newly defined "dwarf planets"—a new category of object that includes Pluto.
  3. A large body which directly orbits any star (or star cluster) but which has not attained nuclear fusion.
  4. In phrases such as the planet, this planet, sometimes refers to the Earth.
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter VIII, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 24962326:
      "My tastes," he said, still smiling, "incline me to the garishly sunlit side of this planet." And, to tease her and arouse her to combat: "I prefer a farandole to a nocturne; I'd rather have a painting than an etching; Mr. Whistler bores me with his monochromatic mud; I don't like dull colours, dull sounds, dull intellects; []."
    • 2013 June 7, David Simpson, “Fantasy of navigation”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 36:
      It is tempting to speculate about the incentives or compulsions that might explain why anyone would take to the skies in [the] basket [of a balloon]: []; perhaps to moralise on the oneness or fragility of the planet, or to see humanity for the small and circumscribed thing that it is; [].

Usage notesEdit

The term planet originally meant any star which wandered across the sky, and generally included comets and the Sun and Moon. With the Copernican revolution, the Earth was recognized as a planet, and the Sun was seen to be fundamentally different. The Galileian satellites of Jupiter were at first called planets (satellite planets), but later reclassified along with the Moon. The first asteroids were also thought to be planets, but were reclassified when it was realized that there were a great many of them, crossing each other's orbits, in a zone where only a single planet had been expected. Likewise, Pluto was found where an outer planet had been expected, but doubts were raised when it turned out to cross Neptune's orbit and to be much smaller than the expectation required. When Eris, an outer body more massive than Pluto, was discovered, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) officially defined the word planet as above. However, a significant minority have refused to accept the IAU definition. Many simply continue with the nine planets that had been recognized prior to the discovery of Eris. Others are of the opinion that orbital parameters should be irrelevant, and that any equilibrium (≈spherical) body in orbit around a star is a planet; there are likely several hundred such bodies in the Solar system. Still others argue that orbiting a star should also be irrelevant, thus re-accepting the Galileian satellites (as well as a dozen other moons) as planets.

Note that the 2006 IAU definition defines a planet in respect to the Sun, and is thus technically inapplicable to exoplanets.

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  •   planet on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • First Steps to Astronomy and Geography, 1828, (Hatchard & Son: Piccadilly, London).

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

 
Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sq

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

planet m (indefinite plural planete, definite singular planeti, definite plural planetet)

  1. planet

DeclensionEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic планет
Roman planet
Perso-Arabic پلانئت

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin planēta and Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer, planet).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [pɫɑˈnet]
  • Hyphenation: pla‧net

NounEdit

planet (definite accusative planeti, plural planetlər)

  1. planet

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

planet c (singular definite planeten, plural indefinite planeter)

  1. (astronomy) A planet.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

planet

  1. Second-person plural subjunctive I of planen.

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

planet (plural planetes)

  1. Alternative form of planete (planet)
ReferencesEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse planéta, from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer).

NounEdit

planet m (definite singular planeten, indefinite plural planeter, definite plural planetene)

  1. a planet

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse planéta, from Ancient Greek πλανήτης (planḗtēs, wanderer).

NounEdit

planet m (definite singular planeten, indefinite plural planetar, definite plural planetane)

  1. a planet
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

planet n

  1. singular definite of plan

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

NounEdit

planet f

  1. genitive plural of planeta

RomanschEdit

NounEdit

planet m (plural planets)

  1. (astronomy, astrology) planet

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /plǎneːt/
  • Hyphenation: pla‧net

NounEdit

plànēt m (Cyrillic spelling пла̀не̄т)

  1. planet

DeclensionEdit


SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

planét m inan (genitive planéta, nominative plural planéti)

  1. (astronomy) planet

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

planet c

  1. (astronomy) planet
  2. definite singular of plan

DeclensionEdit

Declension of planet 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative planet planeten planeter planeterna
Genitive planets planetens planeters planeternas

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French planète.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pɫaˈnet/
  • Hyphenation: pla‧net

NounEdit

planet (definite accusative planeti, plural planetler)

  1. (astronomy, rare) planet

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative planet
Definite accusative planeti
Singular Plural
Nominative planet planetler
Definite accusative planeti planetleri
Dative planete planetlere
Locative planette planetlerde
Ablative planetten planetlerden
Genitive planetin planetlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular planetim planetlerim
2nd singular planetin planetlerin
3rd singular planeti planetleri
1st plural planetimiz planetlerimiz
2nd plural planetiniz planetleriniz
3rd plural planetleri planetleri

SynonymsEdit