See also: Scutum
scutum (plural scuta)
- (historical, Roman antiquity) An oblong shield made of boards or wickerwork covered with leather, with sometimes an iron rim; carried chiefly by the heavy-armed infantry of the Roman army.
- (zoology) A scute.
- (zoology) A shield-like protection, such as the scutum protecting the back of a hard tick (cf. alloscutum, conscutum)
- 2009, Dwight D. Bowman, Georgis' Parasitology for Veterinarians:
- A tick's eye, if present, is a mere roundish lucent area at the margin of the scutum about opposite the second coxa.
- (zoology) One of the two lower valves of the operculum of a barnacle.
- (anatomy) The kneecap.
- a shield, especially the scutum, the large oblong wooden shield carried by the Roman infantry
- (by metonymy) shield-bearing soldiers
- (figuratively) a defense, protection, shelter
Second-declension noun (neuter).
- Eastern Romance:
- Romanian: scut
- Italian: scudo
- → English: scudo
- Old French: escut, escu
- Old Leonese:
- Asturian: escudu
- Old Occitan: escut
- Old Portuguese: escudo
- Old Spanish:
- Spanish: escudo
- Friulian: scût
- Sicilian: scutu
- → Albanian: *škūta (possibly)
- Albanian: shqyt
- → English: scute, scutum
- scutum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- scutum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- scutum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- scutum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- scutum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin