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See also: Scudo



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Borrowed from Italian scudo (a crown, a dollar, a shield), from Latin scutum (a shield). Compare the doublets scute, escudo, scutum, and écu.


scudo (plural scudos or scudoes or scudi)

  1. (historical) A silver coin and unit of currency of various Italian states from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
    • 2007, Nancy L. Canepa, translating Giambattista Basile, Tale of Tales, Penguin 2007, p. 46:
      And this was the salvation of his house, for several large chunks of plaster cracked off and inside he discovered a pot full of golden scudos.
  2. A former unit of currency in Malta, now the official currency of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
  3. (historical) A unit of currency in 19th-century Bolivia, equal to 16 soles.



Uno scudo longobardo – A Langobard shield
Uno scudo francese – A French écu


From Latin scūtum, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *skei- (to cut, split), an extension of *sek- (to cut).


  • IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈs̪kuːd̪o]
  • Rhymes: -udo
  • Hyphenation: scù‧do


scudo m (plural scudi)

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
  1. shield, specifically:
    1. A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.
    2. (by extension) Anything that protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.
    3. (figuratively) One who protects or defends.
    4. (heraldry) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms.
    5. (geology) A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
  2. (numismatics) Used to designate various monetary units, specifically:
    1. (historical) A gold or silver coin minted in Italy bearing the image of a shield; scudo
    2. (historical, by extension) Any similar coin of non-Italian mintage; écu, escudo
    3. (historical) A silver coin minted in Italy valued at 5 lira. [18th c. – c. 1918]
    4. (historical, Rome) A 5000-lira banknote.
    5. (Rome) A 5-euro banknote.

Derived termsEdit