Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Old English sēoþan, from Proto-Germanic *seuþaną; a cognate of Middle Low German sēden, Middle Dutch sieden, Middle High German sieden, and Old Swedish siūþa.




  1. To boil or seethe; to heat a fluid:
    1. To boil food or meat as to cook or prepare it.
    2. To boil down or off; to reduce by boiling something.
    3. To boil something into an essence; to boil as a form of processing.
    4. To inflict punishment or injury by boiling (typically used of Hell)
  2. To cook or heat (especially used of processing ceramics or ingredients)
  3. To break down or process one's consumed food using stomach acid; to digest.
  4. (rare, figuratively) To make pure; to revitalise.

Usage notesEdit

While the past singular forms in seth- and present forms in seth- were spelt the same way, the past forms' vowel was /ɛː/ while the present forms had /eː/.


Derived termsEdit


  • English: seethe (sodden is from the former past participle)
  • Scots: seth, seith, seethe (sodden is from the former past participle)