infinitive

Contents

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Middle French infinitif, from Late Latin infinitivus ‎(unlimited, indefinite), from Latin infinitus ‎(unlimited, infinite)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɪnɪtɪv/, /ɪnˈfɪnətɪv/

NounEdit

infinitive ‎(plural infinitives)

  1. (grammar) the infinitive mood or mode (a grammatical mood)
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 69:
      The MANNERS of acting, in grammar called modes or moods, are four; Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, Subjunctive or Conjunctive.
    • s.a., Henry Tindall, A grammar and vocabulary of the Namaqua-Hottentot language, p. 38:
      There are four moods, the Infinitive, Imperative, Indicative, and Subjunctive. [...] the Infinitive is used to express a thing in a general manner.
  2. (grammar) A non-finite verb form considered neutral with respect to inflection; depending on language variously found used with auxiliary verbs, in subordinate clauses, or acting as a gerund, and often as the dictionary form.
  3. (grammar) A verbal noun formed from the infinitive of a verb.

HypernymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

infinitive ‎(not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Formed with the infinitive.
    • 1847, J. J. P. Le Brethon and L. Sandier, Guide to the French language; especially devised for persons who wish to study that language without the assistance of a teacher. the tenth edition, revised and corrected, London, p. 70
      INFINITIVE MOOD or MANNER.
      To Have,   Avoir.
    • 1858, C. P. Mason, English grammar; including the principles of grammatical analysis, London, p. 32:
      In English there are four moods:–1. The Infinitive Mood. 2. The Indicative Mood. 3. the Imperative Mood. 4. The Subjunctive Mood.
  2. Unlimited; not bounded or restricted; undefined.
    • Cunningham's Sermons (quoted in 1823, The Edinburgh Christian Instructor, volume 23, page 328)
      [] to search out in some higher region of infinitive space a spot where it was impossible for defilement to follow them []

FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

infinitive

  1. feminine singular of infinitif

NounEdit

infinitive f

  1. infinitive clause (=proposition infinitive)

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

infinitive f

  1. feminine plural of infinitivo

LatinEdit

NounEdit

īnfīnītīve

  1. vocative singular of īnfīnītīvus
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