sirdsapziņa

See also: sirdsapziņā

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Coined by Atis Kronvalds in the 1870s, from sirds (heart[gen.]) +‎ apziņa (awareness, consciousness). It became dominant in the 1890s, replacing the use of the simple word sirds in the spoken language. In the written language, various authors had used and proposed various combinations of words from the 17th century on, apparently attempting to translate German Gewissen: apzināšana, zināma sirds, zinoša sirds, apzināma sirds, sirdsprāts.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

sirdsapziņa f (4th declension)

  1. conscience (the human capacity for moral self-control, to judge oneself morally; a person's basic set of moral principles)
    sirdsapziņas brīvībafreedom of conscience
    sirdsapziņas pārmetumiremorse (lit. conscience reproaches, scoldings)
    tīra sirdsapziņaa clean conscience
    pēc labākās sirdsapzināsafter one's best conscience (= conscientiously, honorably)
    Leonam Paeglem bija jāsadeg... viņa sirdsapziņa neļāva kļūt par renegātuLeons Paegls had to burn... his conscience did not allow (him) to become a renegade
    bet tad ierunājās viņa sirdsapziņas balss, asa, apsudzoša: “tu tomēr esi nelietis! tevis dēļ aizgāja bojā tāds cilvēks!”but then the voice of his conscience spoke, sharp, accusatory: “but you are the villain! such a (good) person died because of you!”
    labi, turpmāk viņš uzslavās neklausīsies... pēc sirdsapziņas pildīs savu pienākumu un - miersOK, from now on he will not listen to praise... following his conscience he will fulfil his duty and (then): peace

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sirdsapziņa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN